Plant functional and phylogenetic turnover correlate with climate and land use in the Western Swiss Alps

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Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_A387FB5AA077
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Plant functional and phylogenetic turnover correlate with climate and land use in the Western Swiss Alps
Journal
Journal of Plant Ecology
Author(s)
Ndiribe C., Pellissier L., Dubuis A., Vittoz P., Salamin N., Guisan A.
ISSN
1752-993X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1752-9921 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Number
5
Pages
439-450
Language
english
Abstract
Understanding the relative importance of historical and environmental processes in the structure and composition of communities is one of the longest quests in ecological research. Increasingly, researchers are relying on the functional and phylogenetic β-diversity of natural communities to provide concise explanations on the mechanistic basis of community assembly and the drivers of trait variation among species. The present study investigated how plant functional and phylogenetic β-diversity change along key environmental and spatial gradients in the Western Swiss Alps.
Methods
Using the quadratic diversity measure based on six functional traits: specific leaf area (SLA), leaf dry matter content (LDMC), plant height (H), leaf carbon content (C), leaf nitrogen content (N), and leaf carbon to nitrogen content (C/N) alongside a species-resolved phylogenetic tree, we relate variations in climate, spatial geographic, land use and soil gradients to plant functional and phylogenetic turnover in mountain communities of the Western Swiss Alps.
Important findings
Our study highlights two main points. First, climate and land use factors play an important role in mountain plant community turnover. Second, the overlap between plant functional and phylogenetic turnover along these gradients correlates with the low phylogenetic signal in traits, suggesting that in mountain landscapes, trait lability is likely an important factor in driving plant community assembly. Overall, we demonstrate the importance of climate and land use factors in plant functional and phylogenetic community turnover, and provide valuable complementary insights into understanding patterns of β-diversity along several ecological gradients.
Keywords
ecological gradients, functional and phylogenetic beta-diversity, plant community turnover, Rao's quadratic entropy index (Q), Western Swiss Alps
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/11/2013 12:50
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:09
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