The impact of triathlon training and racing on athletes' general health.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A32CC0EB620C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The impact of triathlon training and racing on athletes' general health.
Journal
Sports Medicine
Author(s)
Vleck V., Millet G.P., Alves F.B.
ISSN
1179-2035 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0112-1642
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
44
Number
12
Pages
1659-1692
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
pdf : review article
Abstract
Although the sport of triathlon provides an opportunity to research the effect of multi-disciplinary exercise on health across the lifespan, much remains to be done. The literature has failed to consistently or adequately report subject age group, sex, ability level, and/or event-distance specialization. The demands of training and racing are relatively unquantified. Multiple definitions and reporting methods for injury and illness have been implemented. In general, risk factors for maladaptation have not been well-described. The data thus far collected indicate that the sport of triathlon is relatively safe for the well-prepared, well-supplied athlete. Most injuries 'causing cessation or reduction of training or seeking of medical aid' are not serious. However, as the extent to which they recur may be high and is undocumented, injury outcome is unclear. The sudden death rate for competition is 1.5 (0.9-2.5) [mostly swim-related] occurrences for every 100,000 participations. The sudden death rate is unknown for training, although stroke risk may be increased, in the long-term, in genetically susceptible athletes. During heavy training and up to 5 days post-competition, host protection against pathogens may also be compromised. The incidence of illness seems low, but its outcome is unclear. More prospective investigation of the immunological, oxidative stress-related and cardiovascular effects of triathlon training and competition is warranted. Training diaries may prove to be a promising method of monitoring negative adaptation and its potential risk factors. More longitudinal, medical-tent-based studies of the aetiology and treatment demands of race-related injury and illness are needed.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
09/10/2014 15:02
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:08
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