The small guanosine triphosphate-binding protein Rab4 is involved in insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and actin filament rearrangement in 3T3-L1 cells


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The small guanosine triphosphate-binding protein Rab4 is involved in insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation and actin filament rearrangement in 3T3-L1 cells
Vollenweider  P., Martin  S. S., Haruta  T., Morris  A. J., Nelson  J. G., Cormont  M., Le Marchand-Brustel  Y., Rose  D. W., Olefsky  J. M.
0013-7227 (Print)
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Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. --- Old month value: Nov
Insulin's stimulation of glucose transport involves the translocation of vesicles containing the glucose transporter GLUT4 to the plasma membrane. Small GTP-binding proteins have been implicated in the regulation of vesicular traffic. We studied the effects of microinjection of wild-type Rab4 glutathione S-transferase fusion protein (WT Rab4), a GTP-binding defective mutant (Rab4 N121I), a guanosine triphosphatase-defective mutant (Rab4 Q67L), and a Rab4 antibody on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Microinjection of Rab4 N121I and Rab4 antibodies had no effect on basal GLUT4 staining, but inhibited insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation by 50% compared with that in control IgG-injected cells. WT Rab4 and Rab4 Q67L microinjection had no effect on either basal or insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation. Premixing and coinjection of the Rab4 antibody with WT Rab4 almost completely abolished its inhibitory effect on insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation. In contrast, microinjection of an antibody directed against the highly conserved region of Rab3 proteins had no effect on insulin-induced GLUT4. These results point to a direct role of Rab4 in insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation, and that this effect is dependent on nucleotide binding to the protein. We also studied the effect of microinjection of the same proteins on insulin-induced actin filament rearrangement (membrane ruffling) in the same cell line. Microinjection of Rab4 N121I and Rab4 antibodies inhibited insulin-induced membrane ruffling by 40%, whereas WT Rab4 or a Rab3 antibody injection had no effect on cytoskeletal rearrangement. In summary, 1) Rab4 is a necessary component of the insulin/GLUT4 translocation signaling pathway; 2) the function of Rab4 in this pathway requires GTP binding; 3) Rab4 also participates in the process of insulin-induced membrane ruffling; and 4) Rab3 proteins do not seem to be involved in these processes.
3T3 Cells Actins/*physiology Adipocytes/metabolism/*physiology Animals Antibodies/immunology/pharmacology Biological Transport/drug effects/physiology Blotting, Western GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics/pharmacology GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics/immunology/*physiology Glucose Transporter Type 4 Glutathione Transferase/pharmacology Insulin/*pharmacology Mice Microinjections Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/*metabolism *Muscle Proteins Mutation rab3 GTP-Binding Proteins rab4 GTP-Binding Proteins
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25/01/2008 15:06
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20/08/2019 16:07
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