The effect of cognitive behavioral treatment on the positive symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a meta-analysis

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_9F2C177F7339
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The effect of cognitive behavioral treatment on the positive symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a meta-analysis
Journal
Schizophrenia Research
Author(s)
Zimmermann G, Favrod J, Trieu VH, Pomini V
ISSN
0920-9964
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
77
Number
1
Pages
1-9
Language
english
Notes
AN - 2005-08629-001 MA - Zimmermann [G.: Gregoire.Zimmermann@inst.hospvd.ch LG - English PT - Original Journal Article RF - American Psychiatric Association. 1987. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-III-R, 3rd revised ed. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC Institution : Research Unit in Cognitive-behavioral Therapy, Institute for Psychotherapy, Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland Rehabilitation Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Lausanne, Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland SAPHIRID:48206
Abstract
(from the journal abstract) Background: Despite the effectiveness of anti-psychotic pharmacotherapy, residual hallucinations and delusions do not completely resolve in some medicated patients. Additional cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) seems to improve the management of positive symptoms. Despite promising results, the efficacy of CBT is still unclear. The present study addresses this issue taking into account a number of newly published controlled studies. Method: Fourteen studies including 1484 patients, published between 1990 and 2004 were identified and a meta-analysis of their results performed. Results: Compared to other adjunctive measures, CBT showed significant reduction in positive symptoms and there was a higher benefit of CBT for patients suffering an acute psychotic episode versus the chronic condition (effect size of 0.57 vs. 0.27). Discussion: CBT is a promising adjunctive treatment for positive symptoms in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, a number of potentially modifying variables have not yet been examined, such as therapeutic alliance and neuropsychological deficits. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
Keywords
meta-analysis
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/03/2008 15:34
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:05
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