Defensive flexibility and its relation to symptom severity, depression, and anxiety.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_9F2AAF6B0113
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Defensive flexibility and its relation to symptom severity, depression, and anxiety.
Journal
Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Author(s)
Drapeau M., de Roten Y., Blake E., Beretta V., Strack M., Körner A., Despland J.N.
ISSN
1539-736X[electronic], 0022-3018[linking]
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
199
Number
1
Pages
38-41
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Numerous studies have examined which individual defense mechanisms are related with mental health, and which are linked with psychopathology. However, the idea that a flexible use of defensive mechanisms is related to psychological wellbeing remained a clinical assumption, which this study sought to test empirically. A total of 62 (N = 62) outpatients participated in the study and were assessed with the Symptom Checklist-90R and the Social Adjustment Self-rated Scale. A subsample of 40 participants was further assessed using the Hamilton Depression (HAMD-21) and Anxiety scales (HAMA-21). The first therapy session of all participants was transcribed and rated using the Defense Mechanisms Ratings Scales (), and the Overall Defensive Functioning (ODF) score, which indicates the maturity of one's defensive functioning, was computed. An indicator of flexible use of defenses was also calculated based on the Gini Concentration C measure. Results showed that defensive flexibility, but not ODF, could predict anxiety scores. Symptom severity was predicted by both ODF and defensive flexibility, although in directions opposite to our predictions. Results suggest that defensive flexibility captures another aspect of an individual's functioning not assessed by the ODF, and that it is a promising new way of documenting defensive functioning.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
18/01/2011 11:57
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:05
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