The role of childhood emotional maltreatment and body image dissatisfaction in problematic smartphone use among adolescents

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Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_9E7A3ACA0CAE
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The role of childhood emotional maltreatment and body image dissatisfaction in problematic smartphone use among adolescents
Journal
Psychiatry Research
Author(s)
Emirtekin Emrah, Balta Sabah, Sural İrfan, Kircaburun Kagan, Griffiths Mark D., Billieux Joël
ISSN
0165-1781
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
271
Pages
634-639
Language
english
Abstract
Growing empirical evidence has identified specific psychological and contextual risk factors associated with
problematic smartphone use (PSU). However, the potential direct and indirect impact of childhood emotional
maltreatment (CEM) on PSU remains largely unexplored, despite the established role of CEM in the onset of
other excessive, problematic, and addictive behaviors. Consequently, the purpose of the present study was to test
the direct and indirect relationships of emotional abuse and neglect (two facets of CEM) with PSU via specific
mediational pathways including body image dissatisfaction (BID), social anxiety, and depression. The sample
comprised 443 adolescents who completed a questionnaire that included assessment tools of aforementioned
variables. Multiple mediation model results indicated that CEM was directly and indirectly associated with PSU
via BID, depression, BID-related depression, and BID-related social anxiety. Results suggested that emotionally
traumatic experiences were associated with PSU in adolescents and that this relationship may partially be explained
by BID and psychosocial risk factors. The present study draws caution to the amplifying roles of CEM and
BID on increased PSU. The results of the study have important clinical and public health implications, but
additional research is needed before interventions can be developed and implemented on the basis of present
results.
Keywords
Biological Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Mental health, Smartphone Addiction
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/01/2020 9:30
Last modification date
03/02/2020 11:41
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