Ultra-High Field (7 Tesla) MRI for Gamma Knife Surgery Targeting of the Ventro-Intermediate Nucleus: A Pilot in Vivo Study


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Ultra-High Field (7 Tesla) MRI for Gamma Knife Surgery Targeting of the Ventro-Intermediate Nucleus: A Pilot in Vivo Study
Title of the conference
Joint Annual Meeting 2014 of Swiss Society of Neurosurgery and Swiss Society of Clinical Neurophysiology, Swiss Society of Neuropediatrics Together with Association of neurosurgical nursing staff Switzerland and Swiss Association for Diagnostical Neurophysiology
Tuleasca C., Najdenovska E., Xin L., Marques J., Vingerhoets F., Thiran J.P., Bach Cuadra M., Levivier M.
Zürich, Switzerland, June 12-13, 2014
Publication state
Issued date
Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Aim: Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) is a non-invasive neurosurgical stereotactic procedure, increasingly used as an alternative to open functional procedures. This includes the targeting of the ventro-intermediate (Vim) nucleus of the thalamus for tremor. We currently perform an indirect targeting, using the "quadrilatere of Guyot," as the Vim nucleus is not visible on current 3 Tesla (T) MRI acquisitions. The primary objective of the current study was to enhance anatomic imaging for Vim GKS using high-field (7 T) MRI, with the aim of refining the visualization and precision of anatomical targeting.
Method: Five young healthy subjects (mean age 23 years) were scanned both on 3 and 7 T MRI in Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) and Center for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM). Classical T1-weighted MPRAGE, T2 CISS sequences (replacing former ventriculography) and diffusion tensor imaging were acquired at 3T. We obtained high-resolution susceptibility weighted images (SWI) at 7T for the visualization of thalamic subparts. SWI was further integrated for the first time into Leksell Gamma Plan® (LGP) software and co-registered with the 3T images. A simulation of targeting of the Vim was done using the "quadrilatere of Guyot" methodology on the 3T images. Furthermore, a correlation with the position of the found target on SWI was performed. The atlas of Morel et al. was used to confirm the findings on a detailed computer analysis outside LGP. Also, 3T and 7T MRI of one patient undergoing GKS Vim thalamotomy, were obtained before and 2 years after the procedure, and studied similarly.
Results: The use of SWI provided a superior resolution and improved image contrast within the central gray matter. This allowed visualization and direct delineation of groups of thalamic nuclei in vivo, including the Vim. The position of the target, as assessed with the "quadrilatere of Guyot" method on 3 T, perfectly matched with the supposed one of the Vim on the SWI. Furthermore, a 3-dimensional model of the Vim target area was created on the basis of 3T and 7T images.
Conclusion: This is the first report of the integration of SWI high-field MRI into the LGP in healthy subjects and in one patient treated GKS Vim thalamotomy. This approach aims at the improvement of targeting validation and further direct targeting of the Vim in tremor. The anatomical correlation between the direct visualization on 7T and the current targeting methods on 3T seems to show a very good anatomical matching.
high-field MRI, 7 Tesla, Gamma Knife surgery, Vim, targeting
Create date
04/07/2014 17:20
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:04
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