Development of the Saini-Hodgins Addiction Risk Potential of Games (SHARP-G) Scale: An International Delphi study

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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_9DCD19276A7E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Development of the Saini-Hodgins Addiction Risk Potential of Games (SHARP-G) Scale: An International Delphi study
Journal
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Author(s)
Saini Nirav, Adair Cam, King Daniel L., Kuss Daria J., Gentile Douglas A., Kim Hyoun S., Edge Jeremy, Billieux Joël, Ng John, Yun Juliana P. S., Henkel Lisa, Faulcon Linda, Nogueira Michelle, Nielsen Rune K. L., Husk Shannon, Rumble Shawn, Becker Trey R., Demetrovics Zsolt, Hodgins David C.
ISSN
2062-5871
2063-5303
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Abstract
Background and Objectives
As the gaming industry experiences exponential growth, concerns about gaming disorder (GD) also grow. It is crucial to understand the structural features of games that can interact with individual characteristics of gamers to promote GD. This research consolidates the views of an international body of panelists to create an assessment tool for gauging the addictive potential of distinct games.
Methods
Utilizing the iterative and structured Delphi method, an international panel of researchers, clinicians, and people with lived experience were recruited to offer a multifaceted viewpoint on the addictive risk associated with specific structural elements in games. Two rounds of surveys facilitated consensus.
Results
The panel initially included 40 members—ten from research, eight from clinical settings, and 22 with lived experiences. The second round included 27 panelists—seven from research, eight from clinical settings, and 11 with lived experiences. The study identified 25 structural features that contribute to potentially addictive gaming patterns.
Discussion and Conclusions
Consensus was found for 25 features, which were distilled into a 23-item evaluation tool. The Saini-Hodgins Addiction Risk Potential of Games Scale (SHARP-G) consists of five overarching categories: ‘Social,’ ‘Gambling-Like Features,’ ‘Personal Investment,’ ‘Accessibility,’ and ‘World Design.’ SHARP-G yields a total score indicating level of addiction risk. A case study applying the scale to three games of differing perceived risk levels demonstrated that that score corresponded to game risk as expected. While the SHARP-G scale requires further validation, it provides significant promise for evaluating gaming experiences and products.
Keywords
Gaming, Problem Gaming, Design Features, Scale, Delphi, Structural Characteristics
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
04/06/2024 17:09
Last modification date
05/06/2024 9:29
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