Temporal distribution and magnitude of the vulnerability period around stroke depend on stroke subtype.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_9D143F5E2951
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Temporal distribution and magnitude of the vulnerability period around stroke depend on stroke subtype.
Journal
Cerebrovascular Diseases
Author(s)
Ntaios G., Michel P.
ISSN
1421-9786 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1015-9770
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Number
3
Pages
246-253
Language
english
Abstract
Background: We aimed to analyze the rate and time distribution of pre- and post-morbid cerebrovascular events in a single ischemic stroke population, and whether these depend on the etiology of the index stroke. Methods: In 2,203 consecutive patients admitted to a single stroke center registry (ASTRAL), the ischemic stroke that led to admission was considered the index event. Frequency distribution and cumulative relative distribution graphs of the most recent and first recurrent event (ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, intracranial or subarachnoid hemorrhage) were drawn in weekly and daily intervals for all strokes and for all stroke types. Results: The frequency of events at identical time points before and after the index stroke was mostly reduced in the first week after (vs. before) stroke (1.0 vs. 4.2%, p < 0.001) and the first month (2.7 vs. 7.4%, p < 0.001), and then ebbed over the first year (8.4 vs. 13.1%, p < 0.001). On daily basis, the peak frequency was noticed at day -1 (1.6%) with a reduction to 0.7% on the index day and 0.17% 24 h after. The event rate in patients with atherosclerotic stroke was particularly high around the index event, but 1-year cumulative recurrence rate was similar in all stroke types. Conclusions: We confirm a short window of increased vulnerability in ischemic stroke and show a 4-, 3- and 2-fold reduction in post-stroke events at 1 week, 1 month and 1 year, respectively, compared to identical pre-stroke periods. This break in the 'stroke wave' is particularly striking after atherosclerotic and lacunar strokes.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
27/10/2011 11:24
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:03
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