Prevalence of malnutrition in alcoholic and nonalcoholic medical inpatients: a comparative anthropometric study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_9C4CE245FA3A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence of malnutrition in alcoholic and nonalcoholic medical inpatients: a comparative anthropometric study.
Journal
JPEN : Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Author(s)
Koehn V., Burnand B., Niquille M., Paccaud F., Magnenat P., Yersin B.
ISSN
0148-6071 (Print)
ISSN-L
0148-6071
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/1993
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Number
1
Pages
35-40
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Available data on the nutritional status of alcoholics is controversial. The present study was conducted to assess the frequency of malnutrition in alcoholic inpatients. The objectives were to (1) compare anthropometric data of hospitalized alcoholic and nonalcoholic patients and (2) evaluate the association between alcoholism and protein-energy malnutrition. It was a cross-sectional comparative study including a stratified analysis to control for potential confounding factors. Alcoholics were identified as patients with a score from the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test > or = 8 among patients admitted consecutively to the general wards of a department of internal medicine; they were matched for sex, age, and time of admission with nonalcoholic patients (Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test score < or = 4). Nutritional status was assessed using weight, height, midarm circumference, and tricipital skinfold thickness values, which were then used to determine the Quetelet body mass index and the mid-arm muscle circumference. The study took place in general wards of internal medicine in a 1000-bed city and teaching hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland. The participants were 93 alcoholic patients and 93 controls aged 20 to 75 years, admitted from September 1, 1988, to March 18, 1989. Alcoholics were characterized by a low rate of severe protein-energy malnutrition (< 5%); their average body weight was normal, similar to the weight of nonalcoholic inpatients, and not greatly influenced by the presence or severity of concomitant liver disease. However, tricipital skinfold thickness was lower in alcoholics than in nonalcoholics (8 mm vs 10 mm, p < .05, and 13 mm vs 20 mm, p < .01, in men and women, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Keywords
Adult, Aged, Alcoholism/complications, Anthropometry, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Protein-Energy Malnutrition/epidemiology, Protein-Energy Malnutrition/etiology, Type="Geographic">Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
24/01/2008 17:31
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:03
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