Nedd4-2 ubiquitin ligase: a contributor to experimental neuropathic pain?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_9B2D0BE967F9
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Nedd4-2 ubiquitin ligase: a contributor to experimental neuropathic pain?
Title of the conference
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation
Author(s)
Cachemaille M., Laedermann C., Pertin M., Towne C., Beggah A.T., Abriel H., Decosterd I.
Address
Lausanne, Switzerland, November 4-6, 2010
ISBN
1424-7860
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
140
Series
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
9
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Background: Neuropathic pain is associated with altered expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) leading to peripheral nerve hyperexcitability. Interestingly, in cell expression systems, the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 regulates the cell membrane density of the most abundant peripheral and pain-related VGSC, namely Nav1.7, and decreases its sodium current. Yet nothing is known about the involvement of Nedd4-2 in nociception and chronic pain. Therefore, the goal of this study is (i) to characterize Nedd4-2 and Nav1.7 expression in an experimental model of neuropathic pain (ii) to design by viral vector-mediated gene therapy an approach to depict the implication of Nedd4-2 in chronic pain.
Methods: Western Blot and immunohistochemistry experiments detecting Nav1.7 and Nedd4-2 were performed in rodent DRGs 7 days after spared nerve injury (SNI). For the viral vector-mediated gene therapy, a recombinant Adeno-Associated Virus (rAAV2/6) was generated expressing the Nedd4-2 gene. Intrathecal injection of rAAV2/6 was followed 2 weeks after by the SNI surgery. Data are expressed in mean ± SEM, n = 4 in each condition.
Results: Immunofluorescence on DRGs neurons reveals a decreased number of positive Nedd4-2 cells in the SNI model (27.0 ± 1.2%) versus sham group (43.4 ± 3.5%; p <0.005), as well as an increase in positive Nav1.7 cells in SNI (50.1 ± 2.9%) versus Sham (41.6 ± 1.8%; p <0.05). The change of Nedd4-2 expression was confirmed by western-blot analysis. In addition, we show that Nedd4-2 and Nav1.7 are largely expressed in overlapping cell populations, chiefly colocalizing with markers of small nociceptive neurons. Furthermore, we report that intrathecal injection of rAAV is able to counteract the reduction of Nedd4-2 expression in SNI animals.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that Nedd4-2 is mainly expressed in nociceptors and downregulated after nerve injury. Moreover, our data suggest that the reduction of Nedd4-2, after nerve injury, may modulate Nav1.7 activity and contribute to hyperexcitability in neuropathic pain. A normal level of Nedd4-2 can be restored using a viral vector and we will further assess its functional effect on pain sensitivity.
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17/01/2011 17:01
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:02
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