Is Switzerland doing enough regarding the prevention of syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia infections ?


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A Master's thesis.
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Continuing education (thesis)
Is Switzerland doing enough regarding the prevention of syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia infections ?
Hurrell Cécile
Spencer Brenda
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté des hautes études commerciales
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Mémoire / Institute of Health Economics and Management ; no 122
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Master of Advanced Studies en économie et management de la santé - Master of Advanced Studies in Health Economics and Management (MASHEM) Mention de responsabiblité : / Cécile Hurrell ; directrice de mémoire: Brenda Spencer ; expert: Pedro-Manuel Marques-Vidal SAPHIRID:78490
Sexually transmitted infections are a major problem for medicine and for public health services worldwide. More than 30 sexually transmittable pathogenic micro-organisms are known, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and ectoparasites. According to estimates from the World Health Organisation more than 333 million of bacterial sexually transmitted infections occur worldwide per year. Sexually transmitted infections, by their nature, affect individuals, within partnerships and larger sexual networks, and in turn populations.
This report focuses on three bacterial sexually transmitted infections in Switzerland that are Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhea and Treponema pallidum (syphilis) in Switzerland. The prevalence of these infections has been increasing alarmingly for a decade. All three infections can be asymptomatic and their diagnosis and treatment can therefore occur too late or worse not at all, even though treatments are available. This is an important problem as untreated sexually transmitted infections may cause complications such as ascending infections, infertility, ectopic pregnancies and serious long-term neurological sequels. The consequences of these infections should not be underestimated. They constitute a significant public health burden as well as serious financial burden.
The increases in chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea infections have also been observed in many European countries. Countries, where rising numbers of sexually transmitted infections have been observed, have reacted in different ways. Some have developed clinical guidelines or implemented screening programs, while others are still in their observational phase.
The aim of this mémoire is to assess whether Switzerland is doing enough regarding the prevention of chlamydial, syphilis and gonorrheal infections. After first describing the infections, surveillance systems of sexually transmitted infections are assessed, then the epidemiological trends of these three infections are described, and finally the prevention measures implemented in Switzerland to respond to the increasing number of infections are described. The reaction of the United Kingdom to the same problem is reported for comparison. [Author, p. 7]
Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia Infections, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Population Surveillance
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05/07/2010 16:52
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09/02/2023 7:51
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