Activation of PPAR delta Regulates Ywhae (Encoding 14-3-3 epsilon Protein), a Gene Required for Ventricular Morphogenesis

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_995C8F04E541
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Title
Activation of PPAR delta Regulates Ywhae (Encoding 14-3-3 epsilon Protein), a Gene Required for Ventricular Morphogenesis
Title of the conference
Basic Cardiovascular Sciences Conference 2009
Author(s)
Brunelli L., Cieslik K.A., Michalik L., Wahli W., Yost H.J.
Address
Lake Las Vegas, Henderson, NV, JUL 20-23, 2009
ISBN
0009-7330
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
105
Series
Circulation Research
Pages
E15-E15
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Cardiac ventricular morphogenesis is a key developmental stage during which the ventricles grow considerably in size, but the transcriptional pathways controlling this process remains poorly understood. 14-3-3_ is a member of a conserved protein family that regulates a wide range of processes such as transcription, apoptosis and proliferation by binding to the phospho-serine/threonine residues of its target proteins. We found that deletion of the Ywhae gene (encoding 14-3-3_) in mice leads to abnormal ventricular morphogenesis and an embryonic cardiomyopathy (Cieslik KA et al, Circ. Res. 2008, abstract). Interestingly, we recently showed in cultured cells that the Ywhae gene is regulated directly by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor _ (PPAR_) (Brunelli L et al, Circ. Res. 2007), a ligand-inducible nuclear receptor that controls energy metabolism and development. Postnatal cardiac-specific deletion of the Ppard gene in mice causes a lethal dilated cardiomyopathy, but it is still unknown whether PPAR_ regulates genes involved in heart development. We hypothesized that the expression of the Ywhae gene is responsive to PPAR_ during heart development. We confirmed that PPAR_ is expressed in the heart during development, and found higher expression at E10.5 compared to later gestational ages. We showed by immunofluorescence that a PPAR_ agonist (50 _M L-165,041 for 24 hr) upregulates 14-3-3_ in primary cardiomyocytes. We showed that when P19CL6 cells are driven towards cardiomyocyte lineage by dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), 14-3-3_ levels increase 4-fold, while L-165,041 treatment increases levels by an additional 50%. Based on previous work in mice (Leibowitz MD et al, FEBS Lett. 2000; Letavernier E et al, J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 2005), we tested the response of Ywhae to PPAR_ in vivo . We fed 30 mg/kg/day L-165,041 to 14-3-3__/_ adult pregnant mice for 3 days starting at E9.5 and assessed Ywhae mRNA levels in embryonic hearts at E12.5. Baseline mRNA levels in Ywhae_/_ hearts were double that of Ywhae_/ hearts, while L-165,041 upregulated Ywhae mRNA levels in both Ywhae_/_ and Ywhae_/ hearts by 65%. These results indicate that Ywhae responds to PPAR_ in vivo, and suggest that PPAR_ regulates Ywhae during ventricular morphogenesis.
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Create date
04/11/2009 11:43
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:00
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