Single-dose carboplatin followed by involved-node radiotherapy for stage IIA and stage IIB seminoma (SAKK 01/10): a single-arm, multicentre, phase 2 trial.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_989E8E47D384
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Single-dose carboplatin followed by involved-node radiotherapy for stage IIA and stage IIB seminoma (SAKK 01/10): a single-arm, multicentre, phase 2 trial.
Journal
The Lancet. Oncology
Author(s)
Papachristofilou A., Bedke J., Hayoz S., Schratzenstaller U., Pless M., Hentrich M., Krege S., Lorch A., Aebersold D.M., Putora P.M., Berthold D.R., Zihler D., Zengerling F., Dieing A., Mueller A.C., Schaer C., Biaggi C., Gillessen S., Cathomas R.
ISSN
1474-5488 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1470-2045
Publication state
Published
Issued date
11/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
23
Number
11
Pages
1441-1450
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Clinical Trial, Phase II ; Multicenter Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Standard treatment options for patients with stage IIA or stage IIB seminoma include either para-aortic and pelvic radiotherapy or three to four cycles of cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. These options result in 3-year progression free survival rates of at least 90%, but bear risks for acute and late toxic effects, including secondary malignancies. We tested a novel approach combining de-escalated chemotherapy with de-escalated involved node radiotherapy, with the aim of reducing toxicity while preserving efficacy.
In the single-arm, multicentre, phase 2 SAKK 01/10 trial, patients with stage IIA or IIB classic seminoma (either at primary diagnosis or at relapse during active surveillance for stage I) were enrolled at ten centres of the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research and ten centres of the German Testicular Cancer Study Group. WHO performance status 0-2, age 18 years or older, and adequate bone marrow and kidney function were required for eligibility. Treatment comprised one cycle of carboplatin (area under the curve 7) followed by involved-node radiotherapy (30 Gy in 15 fractions for stage IIA disease and 36 Gy in 18 fractions for stage IIB disease). The primary endpoint was 3-year progression-free survival. Efficacy analyses were done on the full analysis set, which comprised all patients who signed the informed consent, were registered in the trial, initiated trial treatment, and met all medically relevant inclusion or exclusion criteria. Safety was assessed in all patients who were treated at least once with one of the trial treatments. The study is ongoing but no longer recruiting, and is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01593241.
Between Oct 18, 2012, and June 22, 2018, 120 patients were registered in the study. 116 patients were eligible and started treatment according to the study protocol (46 patients with stage IIA disease and 70 with stage IIB disease). After a median follow-up of 4·5 years (IQR 3·9-6·0), 3-year progression-free survival was 93·7% (90% CI 88·5-96·6). With a target progression-free survival of 95% at 3 years, the primary endpoint was not met. Acute treatment-related adverse events of any grade were noted in 58 (48%) of 116 patients, and grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events occurred in the form of neutropenia in five (4%) patients, thrombocytopenia in three (3%) patients, and vomiting in one (1%) patient. No treatment-related deaths and no late treatment-related adverse events were reported. Serious adverse events were reported in five (4%) of 116 patients (one transient creatinine increase and four second primary tumours).
Despite the fact that the primary endpoint was not met, we observed favourable 3-year progression-free survival with single-dose carboplatin area under the curve 7 and involved-node radiotherapy, with minimal toxic effects. Our findings might warrant discussion with patients about the SAKK 01/10 regimen as an alternative to standard-of-care treatment, but more research on this strategy is needed.
Swiss State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation and Rising Tide Foundation for Clinical Cancer Research.
Keywords
Male, Humans, Adolescent, Carboplatin, Seminoma/drug therapy, Seminoma/radiotherapy, Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy, Testicular Neoplasms/radiotherapy, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy
Pubmed
Create date
25/10/2022 13:40
Last modification date
24/11/2022 6:46
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