Depressive disorder moderates the effect of the FTO gene on body mass index.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_987C5EAB57C3
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Depressive disorder moderates the effect of the FTO gene on body mass index.
Journal
Molecular Psychiatry
Author(s)
Rivera M., Cohen-Woods S., Kapur K., Breen G., Ng M.Y., Butler A.W., Craddock N., Gill M., Korszun A., Maier W., Mors O., Owen M.J., Preisig M., Bergmann S., Tozzi F., Rice J., Rietschel M., Rucker J., Schosser A., Aitchison K.J., Uher R., Craig I.W., Lewis C.M., Farmer A.E., McGuffin P.
ISSN
1476-5578 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1359-4184
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Number
6
Pages
604-611
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Meta-Analysis ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
There is evidence that obesity-related disorders are increased among people with depression. Variation in the FTO (fat mass and obesity associated) gene has been shown to contribute to common forms of human obesity. This study aimed to investigate the genetic influence of polymorphisms in FTO in relation to body mass index (BMI) in two independent samples of major depressive disorder (MDD) cases and controls. We analysed 88 polymorphisms in the FTO gene in a clinically ascertained sample of 2442 MDD cases and 809 controls (Radiant Study). In all, 8 of the top 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showing the strongest associations with BMI were followed-up in a population-based cohort (PsyCoLaus Study) consisting of 1292 depression cases and 1690 controls. Linear regression analyses of the FTO variants and BMI yielded 10 SNPs significantly associated with increased BMI in the depressive group but not the control group in the Radiant sample. The same pattern was found in the PsyCoLaus sample. We found a significant interaction between genotype and affected status in relation to BMI for seven SNPs in Radiant (P<0.0057), with PsyCoLaus giving supportive evidence for five SNPs (P-values between 0.03 and 0.06), which increased in significance when the data were combined in a meta-analysis. This is the first study investigating FTO and BMI within the context of MDD, and the results indicate that having a history of depression moderates the effect of FTO on BMI. This finding suggests that FTO is involved in the mechanism underlying the association between mood disorders and obesity.
Keywords
Adult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Case-Control Studies, Depressive Disorder, Major/complications, Depressive Disorder, Major/genetics, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics, Genetic Predisposition to Disease/psychology, Genotype, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity/complications, Obesity/genetics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/physiology, Proteins/genetics, Proteins/physiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
31/08/2011 11:36
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:00
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