The use of the vac in complex wounds - does it work and how?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_983779D7D1FE
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The use of the vac in complex wounds - does it work and how?
Title of the conference
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Author(s)
Scherer Sandra Saja, Pietramaggiori Giorgio, Assal Matieu, Orgill Dennis P.
Address
St. Gallen, Switzerland, June 30-July 2, 2010
ISBN
1424-7860
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Volume
140
Series
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
21S
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Background:
Complex wounds pose a major challenge in reconstructive and trauma surgery. Several approaches to increase the healing process have been proposed in the last decades. In this study we study the mechanism of action of the Vacuum Assisted Closure device in diabetic wounds.
Methods:
Full-thickness wounds were excised in diabetic mice and treated with the VAC device or its isolated components: an occlusive dressing (OD) alone, subathmospheric pressure at 125 mm Hg (Suction), and a polyurethane foam without (Foam) and with (Foamc) downward compression of approximately 125 mm Hg. The last goups were treated with either the complete VAC device (VAC) or with a silicne interface that alows fluid removel (Mepithel-VAC). The effects of the treatment modes on the wound surface were quantified by a two-dimensional immunohistochemical staging system based on vasculature, as defined by blood vessel density (CD31) and cell proliferation (defined by ki67 positivity), 7 days post wounding. Finite element modelling was used to predict wound surface deformation under dressing modes and cross sections of in situ fixed tissues were used to measure actual microstrain.
Results:
The foam-wound interface of the Vacuum Assisted Closure device causes significant wound stains (60%) causing a deformation of the single cell level leading to a profound upregulation of cell proliferation (4-fold) and angiogenisis (2.2-fold) compared to OD treated wounds. Polyurethane foam exposure itself causes a frather unspecific angiogenic response (Foamc, 2 - fold, Foam, 2.2 - fold) without changes of the cell proliferation rate of the wound bed. Suction alone without a specific interface does not have an effect on meassured parameters, showing similar results to untreated wounds. A perforated silicone interface caused a significant lower microdeforamtion of the wound bed correlating to changes of the wound tissues.
Conclusion:
The Vacuum Assisted Closure device induce significanttissue growth in diabetic wounds. The wound foam interface under suction causes profound macrodeformation that stimulates tissue growth by angiogenesis and cell proliferation. It needs to be taken in consideration that in the clinical setting different wound types may profit from different elements of this suction device.
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Create date
14/10/2010 11:50
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:59
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