Early markers of prolonged hospital stay in demented inpatients: a multicentre and prospective study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_97908E8353D8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Early markers of prolonged hospital stay in demented inpatients: a multicentre and prospective study.
Journal
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Author(s)
Lang P.O., Zekry D., Michel J.P., Drame M., Novella J.L., Jolly D., Blanchard F.
ISSN
1760-4788 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1279-7707
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Number
2
Pages
141-147
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a serious, chronic, and costly public health problem. Prior studies have described dementia as increasing length of hospital stay, but so far no explanations have been proposed.
METHODS: To identify early markers for prolonged hospital stay in demented elderly inpatients, 178 community-dwelling or institutionalized subjects aged 75+, hospitalized through an emergency department in 9 teaching hospitals in France, were analyzed. Prolonged hospital stays were defined according a limit adjusted for Diagnosis Related Group. All patients underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment at admission. Logistic regression multifactorial mixed model was performed. Center effect was considered as a random effect.
RESULTS: Of the 178 stays, 52 were prolonged. Most concerned community-dwelling patients (86%). Multifactor analysis demonstrated that demographic variables had no influence on the length of stay, while diagnosis of delirium (OR 2.31; 95% CI 1.77 - 2.91), walking difficulties (OR 1.94; 95% CI 1.62 - 2.43) and report by the informal caregiver of moderate or severe burden (OR 1.52; 95% CI 1.19 - 1.86) or low social quality-of-life score (OR 1.25; 95% CI 1.03 - 1.40), according to the Zarit's Burden Inventory short scale (12 items) and the Duke's Health Profile respectively, were identified as early markers for prolonged hospital stays.
CONCLUSION: At the time of the rising incidence of cognitive disorders, these results suggest that preventive approaches might be possible. In a hospital setting as well as in a community-dwelling population, more specific, specialized and coordinated care, using the expertise of multiple disciplines appears as a probable effective measure to limit prolonged hospital stay. Such approaches require (i) clear patient-oriented goal definition, (ii) understanding and appreciation of roles among various health care and social disciplines and, (iii) cooperation between partners in patient's management. However, the cost- and health-effectiveness of such approaches should be evaluated.
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Caregivers/psychology, Cohort Studies, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Dementia/epidemiology, Dementia/psychology, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Geriatric Assessment/methods, Hospitalization/economics, Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data, Logistic Models, Male, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Quality of Life, Risk Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
15/04/2015 8:29
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:59
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