Biological monitoring of exposure to industrial chemicals

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_96574EAAF1C2
Type
A part of a book
Publication sub-type
Chapter: chapter ou part
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Biological monitoring of exposure to industrial chemicals
Title of the book
Patty's industrial hygiene. Vol. 1, Hazard recognition
Author(s)
Berode Michèle, Droz Pierre-Olivier, Guillemin Michel P.
Publisher
Wiley, Hoboken, N.J
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Editor
Vernon E. Rose , Cohrssen Barbara
Chapter
13
Pages
455-521
Edition
6th ed.
Language
english
Notes
SAPHIRID:85624
Abstract
Pollution of air, water and soil by industrial chemicals presents a potential health risk to humans. Such chemicals can enter the human body by three routes, namely by inhalation, dermal absorption, and ingestion and in special cases by injection (needle sticks, bites, cuts, etc.). In the workplace, pulmonary and dermal absorption are the main routes of entry, but poor personal hygiene and work habits can result in ingestion that contributes to the dose. Air monitoring provides reliable information on inhalation exposure, and patches can be used to estimate dermal exposure. Local adverse effects, such as skin and eye irritation, or nose and lung irritation, are closely related to the external exposure. Systemic adverse effects, on the other hand, are related to the absorbed amount (dose), or to the level of the pollutant or its metabolite in the target organ.
Human biological monitoring is becoming a powerful tool for scientists and policy makers to assess and manage the risk of exposure to chemicals both in the general population and at the workpalce. This chapter will focus on the occupational environment keeping in mind that biological monitoring in humans is a very actual issue in public health politics, in environmental medicine, and in science in general.
Keywords
Environmental Monitoring , Occupational Exposure , Air Pollutants, Occupational
Create date
11/03/2011 13:08
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:58
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