Density estimations of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the Swiss Alps

Details

Ressource 1Download: serval:BIB_95B9E05B28CC.P001 (472.26 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
License: Not specified
It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_95B9E05B28CC
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Density estimations of the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the Swiss Alps
Journal
Journal of Mammalogy
Author(s)
Pesenti E., Zimmermann F.
ISSN
0022-2372
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Volume
94
Number
1
Pages
73-81
Language
english
Abstract
Use of photographic capture recapture analyses to estimate abundance of species with distinctive natural marks has become an important tool for monitoring rare or cryptic species, or both. Two different methods are available to estimate density: nonspatial capture recapture models where the trap polygon is buffered with the half or full mean maximum distance moved by animals captured at more than 1 trap (1/2 MMDM or MMDM, respectively); or spatial capture recapture (SCR) models that explicitly incorporate movement into the model. We used data from radiotracked Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in the northwestern Swiss Alps (NWSA) during a low (1.0 lynx/100 km(2)) and a high (1.9-2.1 lynx/100 km(2)) lynx population density to test if lynx space use was density dependent. Second, we compared lynx density estimates resulting from these 2 different methods using camera-trapping data collected during winters 2007-2008 and 2009-2010 in the NWSA. Our results indicated lynx space use was negatively correlated with density. Lynx density estimates in all habitats using MMDM (0.86 and 0.97 lynx/100 km(2) in winters 2007-2008 and 2009-2010, respectively) were significantly lower than SCR model estimates, whereas there was no significant difference between SCR model (1.47 and 1.38) and 1/2 MMDM (1.37 and 1.51) density estimates. In the NWSA, which currently harbors the most abundant lynx population in Switzerland, 1/2 MMDM and SCR models provided more realistic lynx density estimates compared to the MMDM, which lies in the lower range of densities. Overall, the SCR model is preferable because it considers animal movements explicitly and is not biased by an informal estimation of the effective sampling area.
Keywords
camera-trapping, density, half mean maximum distance moved (1/2 MMDM), Lynx lynx, mean maximum distance moved (MMDM), spatial capture-recapture (SCR), Switzerland, telemetry
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
21/03/2013 9:30
Last modification date
25/09/2019 7:10
Usage data