TREATMENT DEFERRAL DURING COVID-19 LOCKDOWN: Functional and Anatomical Impact on Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_950CBC9C6DF9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
TREATMENT DEFERRAL DURING COVID-19 LOCKDOWN: Functional and Anatomical Impact on Patients With Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
Journal
Retina
Author(s)
Montesel A., Gigon A., Giacuzzo C., Mantel I., Eandi C.M.
ISSN
1539-2864 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0275-004X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/04/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
42
Number
4
Pages
634-642
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To investigate the visual and anatomical impact of intravitreal injection treatment deferral because of the COVID-19 lockdown on patients affected by neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
We retrospectively reviewed 314 patients (394 eyes) who were scheduled to receive the impact of intravitreal injections during the Swiss lockdown. We compared patients who continued to receive scheduled impact of intravitreal treatment without clinical consultation (Group Continue ‟C"; n = 215) and patients for whom the impact of intravitreal treatment was completely deferred (Group Stop, ‟S"; n = 179). Functional and anatomical parameters were collected at four time points before and after the lockdown.
In Group C, the visual acuity at baseline and after the lockdown did not differ significantly. In Group S, the visual acuity deteriorated significantly compared with baseline and then improved slightly after the resumption of treatment, but it did not recover to baseline values. The mean central subfield thickness remained stable in Group C, whereas it increased in Group S and then returned to prelockdown values after the resumption of treatment.
An "injection-only" approach was effective in managing patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration during the pandemic lockdown, whereas patients who deferred their scheduled treatment showed partially irreversible deterioration of visual function. We recommend treatment continuation in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration during a lockdown.
Keywords
Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use, COVID-19/epidemiology, Communicable Disease Control, Humans, Intravitreal Injections, Macular Degeneration/drug therapy, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Wet Macular Degeneration/drug therapy
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/12/2021 13:44
Last modification date
23/04/2022 6:35
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