Citizenship education in Switzerland before, during and after the First World War

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_94E7643A6830
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Citizenship education in Switzerland before, during and after the First World War
Journal
History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL)
Author(s)
Brühwiler I.
ISSN
1971-1131
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
1
Pages
99-120
Language
english
Abstract
Citizenship education was intensively discussed during the 1910s. Patriotic ideals and the love of the fatherland were described with diligence in teachers' journals. After the outbreak of the World War I, Swiss teachers reacted immediately to the new circumstances and published lessons in their weekly teacher journals for every day of school for different grade levels. These lessons comprised current events and civic education as well as didactical instructions for the teacher. In pupils' essays, citizens are often depicted as religious members of society who are industrious and hardworking, whereas in the journals, religious aspects are related to peace but not to citizenship education. As a multilingual and neutral country, Switzerland struggled with major domestic problems due to the cultural conflict between the French- and the German-speaking regions, especially during wartime. However, teachers promoted unity from the beginning. Therefore, changes and continuities during this decade concerning citizenship education are of crucial research interest. The practical sections of teachers' journals, including lessons and didactical instructions, and pupils' essays provide insight into what happened in the classrooms. Which forms of national identity and citizenship were taught in classrooms before, during and shortly after WW1 in public schools in Switzerland? How did pupils describe the current issues of war and citizenship?
Keywords
Civics, Cultural Identity, Nationalization, Teachers' Journal, Switzerland, XX Century
Create date
16/06/2015 19:12
Last modification date
03/03/2018 19:38
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