SAPALDIA: passe, present et avenir. [SAPALDIA: past, present and future]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_9321E7AD9EF1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
SAPALDIA: passe, present et avenir. [SAPALDIA: past, present and future]
Journal
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Author(s)
Leuenberger  P., Ackermann-Liebrich  U., Kunzli  N., Schindler  C., Perruchoud  A. P.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2000
Volume
130
Number
8
Pages
291-7
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review --- Old month value: Feb 26
Abstract
The cross-sectional part of SAPALDIA studied the associations between respiratory symptoms or functional abnormalities and chronic exposure to a polluted environment. The results showed an elevated risk of developing respiratory symptoms in regions with higher levels of particulate matters (PM10). The same was observed with passive smoking exposure. Decreased spirometric parameters (especially FVC) were measured in areas with the highest levels of PM10. While the functional alteration is clinically minimal in the individual, the effect is significant when one considers the prevalence of an abnormal functional parameter in a general population. Exposure to pollutants at the workplace increases bronchial reactivity to non-specific stimuli, with atopy acting as amplifier of this effect. The longitudinal part of SAPALDIA examined the associations between the dynamics of respiratory symptoms or functional abnormalities and average levels, as well as short-term fluctuations, of atmospheric pollutants. It was observed that symptomatic episodes tend to last longer in more polluted regions, whichever marker of pollution is used (PM10 or NO2). Passive smoking tends to prolong respiratory symptoms and shorten asymptomatic intervals. Short-term increases in outdoor pollutants are associated with an increase in incidence of peak flows below individual baseline values. Numerous questions remain regarding the relationship between respiratory health and environment. A SAPALDIA II study is under preparation which will follow the evolution of SAPALDIA I participants with regard to respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function, bronchial reactivity and markers of atopy.
Keywords
Air Pollution/*adverse effects Cross-Sectional Studies Dust/adverse effects Forecasting Humans Lung Diseases, Obstructive/*etiology Risk Factors Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects Vital Capacity
Pubmed
Create date
25/01/2008 9:49
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:56
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