Using FMECA to improve patient safety during hospital moves and evacuations


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Using FMECA to improve patient safety during hospital moves and evacuations
Title of the conference
79th International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) World Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Schumacher L., Berthaudin F., Blanc A.-L., Blatrie C., Staines A., Bonnabry P., Widmer N.
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, September 22-26, 2019
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Background: Experiences of hospital move are limited and present some similarities with emergency situations. Hospital preparedness is thus valuable to improve patient safety. Six Swiss hospitals will be relocated within four weeks in a single 400 beds building.
Methods: FMECA was carried out by a multidisciplinary team within both internal medicine (IMU) and intensive care units (ICU) for hospital move and evacuation processes. Criticality indexes (CI) were based on the Williams[1] matrix (CImax 810). The 20% of most critical failure modes (Pareto’s rule) were analysed and mitigations were proposed.
Results: 59 failures modes for hospital move and 68 for evacuation were identified in both units. Of them, 12 and 14 failures mode were analysed, respectively. Average initial CI for hospital move were 160 (min. 105-max. 294) for IMU and 201 (125-343) for ICU, which decreased to 32 (-80%) and 49 (-76%) after mitigations. For evacuation, average initial CI were 319 (245-504) for IMU and 592 (441-810) for ICU, which decreased to 194 (-39%) and 282 (-52%). Most mitigation (checklist, medication handling protocol, medical checkpoint, and logistic support) could be used for both situations. Only some actions were specific to evacuation process, due to its unpredictable nature.
Conclusion: This study highlights the value of FMECA on patients’ safety during hospital move and evacuation. Moreover, the preparation of a hospital move could bring useful knowledge and give the opportunity to test the mitigation actions and to include them in evacuation procedures.
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13/07/2020 14:40
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14/07/2020 5:26
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