Generation and function of mouse central memory and effector memory T cells


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PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Generation and function of mouse central memory and effector memory T cells
Guarda G.
Acha-Orbea H.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
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REROID:R004507945 ill.
Based on functional and homing properties, two subsets of memory T lymphocytes have been defined both in humans and in mice. Central memory T cells (TCM cells) express the lymph node homing receptors CD62L and CCR7, have poor effector function and proliferate efficiently upon antigenic stimulation. Effector memory T cells (TEM cells) do not express CCR7, are mostly CD62L negative and therefore are excluded from lymph nodes, but are able to migrate to sites of inflammation where they exert immediate effector function by producing inflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic mediators.
In the present work we have addressed two questions that emerged since the definition of TCM and TEM cells. Firstly, what are the priming conditions for generation of TCM and TEM and, secondly, what is the migratory capacity of TCM and TEM cells in inflammatory conditions. By using naive TCR-transgenic OT-I CD8+ T cells and OT-II CD4+ T cells and ovalbumin pulsed-mature dendritic cells (DCs) we set up an in vitro system in which the strength of T cell stimulation is controlled by varying the ratio of T cells and DCs and the duration of DC-T cell interaction. Using this system we found that precursors of TCM and TEM cells are generated at different strength of stimulation and that T cells capable of persisting in vivo in the absence of antigen and of mounting recall responses is optimally induced by intermediate stimulatory strength. In addition, we found that lymph nodes draining sites of mature DC or adjuvant inoculation recruit CD8+ CD62L- CCR7- effector and TEM cells. CD8+ T cell recruitment in reactive lymph nodes requires CXCR3 expression on T cells and occurs through high endothelial venules (HEVs) in concert with HEV lurninal expression of the CXCR3 ligand CXCL9. In reactive lymph nodes, recruited T cells establish stable interactions with and kill antigen-bearing DCs, limiting the ability of these DCs to activate CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. Taken togther these data define conditions for the generation of TCM and TEM cells and define an inflammatory pathway of effector T cell migration in lymph nodes. The inducible recruitment of blood-borne effector and TEM CD8+ cells to lymph nodes may represent a mechanism for terminating primary and limiting secondary immune responses.
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18/06/2010 13:41
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20/08/2019 15:55
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