Sex differentials in Swiss cancer mortality.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8F8E6D2CAE4D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Sex differentials in Swiss cancer mortality.
Journal
Sozial- Und Präventivmedizin
Author(s)
La Vecchia C., Levi F.
ISSN
0303-8408 (Print)
ISSN-L
0303-8408
Publication state
Published
Issued date
1988
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Number
3
Pages
140-143
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Abstract
Swiss national cancer mortality statistics from 1951 to 1984 and survival rates from the Vaud Cancer Registry datafile over the period 1974-1980 were considered in terms of sex ratios. Overall age-standardized cancer mortality for population aged 35-64 showed only a moderate decline in males (from 230 to 221/100,000), but a substantial one in females (from 191 to 152/100,000). Mortality from most cancer sites (except gallbladder and thyroid) was persistently higher in males, the male/female ratio ranging between 1.2 for intestines, skin, brain and lympho-reticular neoplasms to about 2 for stomach or pancreas, up to 7-10 for lung and cancers related to tobacco and alcohol (mouth or pharynx, oesophagus). The sex ratio for lung cancer increased between the early 1950's and the mid 1960's, but noticeably declined thereafter, probably reflecting trends in smoking prevalence among subsequent generations of Swiss males and females. Less obvious is the substantial increase in the sex ratio for liver cancer (from 1.6 to 5.7), which was evident in younger middle age, too. Population-based cancer survival statistics indicated that for most common sites rates were appreciably higher in females than in males. Thus, better survival explains part of the advantage in cancer mortality for women. This can be related to earlier diagnosis, better compliance or responsiveness to treatment, although there is no obvious single interpretation for this generalized more favourable pattern in females.
Keywords
Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms/mortality, Registries, Sex Factors, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
06/05/2013 16:46
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:53
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