Cetuximab in combination with chemoradiotherapy prior to surgery in patients with resectable, locally advanced esophageal carcinoma : a prospective, multicenter phase lb-ll trial of the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK 75/06) : 4570

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8F859AAEC466
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Cetuximab in combination with chemoradiotherapy prior to surgery in patients with resectable, locally advanced esophageal carcinoma : a prospective, multicenter phase lb-ll trial of the Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK 75/06) : 4570
Title of the conference
2009 ASCO Annual Meeting
Author(s)
Ruhstaller T., Pless M., Schuller J.C., Kranzbühler H., von Moos R., Moosmann P., Rauch D., Montemurro M., Schneider P.M., Hess V.
Address
Chicago, Illinois, May 29-June 2, 2009
ISBN
1527-7755
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2009
Volume
27
Series
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Pages
15S
Language
english
Abstract
Background: Cetuximab significantly enhances efficacy of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in head and neck cancer. We investigated the safety and feasibility of adding cetuximab to neoadjuvant chemoradiation of locally advanced esophageal cancer.
Methods: Pts with resectable, locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma (AC) of the thoracic esophagus or gastroesophageal junction (staged by EUS, CT and PET scan) were treated with 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy (docetaxel 75mg/m2, cisplatin 75mg/m2 q3w and weekly cetuximab 250mg/m2), followed by concomitant chemo- immuno-radiation therapy (CIRT: docetaxel 20mg/m2, cisplatin 25mg/m2 and cetuximab 250mg/m2 weekly five times concomitant with 45 Gy radiotherapy in 25 fractions); followed by surgery 4-8 weeks later. The phase I part consisted of 2 cohorts of 7 patients each, without and with docetaxel during CIRT, respectively. Interpatient dose-escalation (adding docetaxel during CIRT) was possible if < 2 out of 7 pts of the 1st cohort experienced limiting toxicity. Having finished the phase 1 part, 13 additional patients were treated with docetaxel-containing CIRT in a phase II part. Pathological response was evaluated according to the Mandard classification.
Results: 27 pts from 12 institutions were included. As of today, results from 20 pts are available (cohort 1: 7, cohort 2: 7, phase ll : 6). Median age was 64yrs (range 47-71). 11 AC; 9 SCC. 19 pts (95%) completed CIRT (1 pt stopped treatment during induction therapy due to sepsis). 17 pts underwent resection (no surgery: 1pt for PD, 1pt for cardiac reasons). Grade 3 toxicities during CIRT included anorexia 15%, dysphagia/esophagitis 15%, fatigue 10%, nausea 10%, pruritus 5%, dehydration 5%, nail changes 5% and rash 5% .1 pt suffered from pulmonary embolism. 13 pts (65%, intention-to-treat) showed a complete or near complete pathological remission (cohort 1: 5, cohort 2: 4, phase II: 4).
Conclusions: Adding cetuximab to preoperative chemoradiation for esophageal cancer is safe and feasible in a community-based multicenter setting. Antineoplastic activity is encouraging with 65% pathological responders.
Create date
03/02/2010 11:49
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:53
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