A selective nociceptive block is not sufficient to prevent central changes after peripheral nerve injury

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8D7F01C90390
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Title
A selective nociceptive block is not sufficient to prevent central changes after peripheral nerve injury
Title of the conference
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation
Author(s)
Suter M.R., Gao Y.J., Decosterd I., Ji R.R.
Address
Interlaken, Switzerland, October 29-31, 2009
ISBN
1424-7860
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
139
Series
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
3S-3S
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Background: Providing analgesia without suppressing motor or sensory function is a challenge for regional anesthesia and postoperative pain management. Resiniferatoxin (RTX), an ultrapotent agonist for transient receptor potential subtype-1 (TRPV1) can produce this selective blockade, as TRPV1 is selectively expressed on nociceptors. Futhermore, after peripheral nerve injury, spontaneous ectopic activity arises from all types of nerve fibers that can affect spinal neurons and glial cells. The goal of the present experiment is to determine whether spontaneous activity generated in C-fibers or in both A&C-fibers is required for microglia activation.
Method: We applied RTX (0.01%) or bupivacaine microspheres to the sciatic nerve of rats to block the conduction of C-fibers or A&C-fibers, respectively, before spared nerve injury (SNI). Behavior was tested and all the rats were sacrificed 2 days later; immunohistochemistry was performed on their spinal cord for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU, marker of proliferation) and Iba1 (microglial marker).
Result: At day 2 after SNI robust mechanical allodynia and p38 activation in spinal microglia were documented. There was also a substantial cell proliferation in the spinal cord, all proliferating cells (BrdU+) being microglia (Iba1+). RTX blocked heat sensitivity and produced heat hypoalgesia without affecting mechanical allodynia and motor function. Microglial proliferation and p38 activation in the spinal cord were not affected by RTX (p >0.05). In contrast, a complete sensory and motor blockade was seen with bupivacaine which also significantly inhibited p38 activation and microglial proliferation in the spinal cord (p <0.05).
Conclusion: We conclude that (1) RTX can provide a selective nociceptive blockade but that (2) blocking only nociceptive fibers does not impair the development of mechanical allodynia and microglia activation. Therefore (3) if microglia activation is important for chronic pain development then specific nociceptive blockade won't be sufficient to prevent it.
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Create date
18/11/2009 17:50
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:51
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