Brain Tissue Hypoxia is a Strong Predictor of Outcome after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Independent from Elevated Intracranial Pressure


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Brain Tissue Hypoxia is a Strong Predictor of Outcome after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Independent from Elevated Intracranial Pressure
Title of the conference
39th Critical Care Congress of the Society of Critical Care Medicine
Oddo Mauro, Levine Joshua, MacKenzie Larami, Frangos Suzanne, Feihl Francois, Kasner Scott, Macmurtrie Eileen, Maloney-Wilensky Eileen, Kofke W., LeRoux Peter
Miami, Florida, January 09-13, 2010
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Issued date
Critical Care Medicine
Meeting Abstract
Introduction: Low brain tissue oxygen pressure (PbtO2) is associated with worse outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unclear whether brain tissue hypoxia is merely a marker of injury severity or a predictor of prognosis, independent from intracranial pressure (ICP) and injury severity.
Hypothesis: We hypothesized that brain tissue hypoxia was an independent predictor of outcome in patients wih severe TBI, irrespective of elevated ICP and of the severity of cerebral and systemic injury. Methods: This observational study was conducted at the Neurological ICU, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, an academic level I trauma center. Patients admitted with severe TBI who had PbtO2 and ICP monitoring were included in the study. PbtO2, ICP, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP = MAP-ICP) were monitored continuously and recorded prospectively every 30 min. Using linear interpolation, duration and cumulative dose (area under the curve, AUC) of brain tissue hypoxia (PbtO2 < 15 mm Hg), elevated ICP >20 mm Hg and low CPP <60 mm Hg were calculated, and the association with outcome at hospital discharge, dichotomized as good (Glasgow Outcome Score [GOS] 4-5) vs. poor (GOS 1-3), was analyzed.
Results: A total of 103 consecutive patients, monitored for an average of 5 days, was studied. Brain tissue hypoxia was observed in 66 (64%) patients despite ICP was < 20 mm Hg and CPP > 60 mm Hg (72 +/- 39% and 49 +/- 41% of brain hypoxic time, respectively). Compared with patients with good outcome, those with poor outcome had a longer duration of brain hypoxia (1.7 +/- 3.7 vs. 8.3 +/- 15.9 hrs, P<0.01), as well as a longer duration (11.5 +/- 16.5 vs. 21.6 +/- 29.6 hrs, P=0.03) and a greater cumulative dose (56 +/- 93 vs. 143 +/- 218 mm Hg*hrs, P<0.01) of elevated ICP. By multivariable logistic regression, admission Glasgow Coma Scale (OR, 0.83, 95% CI: 0.70-0.99, P=0.04), Marshall CT score (OR 2.42, 95% CI: 1.42-4.11, P<0.01), APACHE II (OR 1.20, 95% CI: 1.03-1.43, P=0.03), and the duration of brain tissue hypoxia (OR 1.13; 95% CI: 1.01-1.27; P=0.04) were all significantly associated with poor outcome. No independent association was found between the AUC for elevated ICP and outcome (OR 1.01, 95% CI 0.97-1.02, P=0.11) in our prospective cohort.
Conclusions: In patients with severe TBI, brain tissue hypoxia is frequent, despite normal ICP and CPP, and is associated with poor outcome, independent of intracranial hypertension and the severity of cerebral and systemic injury. Our findings indicate that PbtO2 is a strong physiologic prognostic marker after TBI. Further study is warranted to examine whether PbtO2-directed therapy improves outcome in severely head-injured patients .
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24/02/2010 12:32
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20/08/2019 15:50
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