How can we conceptualize behavioural addiction without pathologizing common behaviours?

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_8BDC53939BF9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
How can we conceptualize behavioural addiction without pathologizing common behaviours?
Journal
Addiction
Author(s)
Kardefelt-Winther Daniel, Heeren Alexandre, Schimmenti Adriano, van Rooij Antonius, Maurage Pierre, Carras Michelle, Edman Johan, Blaszczynski Alexander, Khazaal Yasser, Billieux Joël
ISSN
0965-2140
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
112
Number
10
Pages
1709-1715
Language
english
Abstract
Following the recent changes to the diagnostic category for addictive disorders in DSM-5, it is urgent to clarify what
constitutes behavioural addiction to have a clear direction for future research and classification. However, in the years
following the release of DSM-5, an expanding body of research has increasingly classified engagement in a wide range
of common behaviours and leisure activities as possible behavioural addiction. If this expansion does not end, both the relevance
and the credibility of the field of addictive disorders might be questioned, which may prompt a dismissive appraisal
of the new DSM-5 subcategory for behavioural addiction. We propose an operational definition of behavioural addiction
together with a number of exclusion criteria, to avoid pathologizing common behaviours and provide a common ground
for further research. The definition and its exclusion criteria are clarified and justified by illustrating how these address a
number of theoretical and methodological shortcomings that result from existing conceptualizations. We invite other
researchers to extend our definition under an Open Science Foundation framework
Keywords
Addiction theory, behavioral addiction, diagnosis,, DSM-5, gambling disorder, internet gaming disorder, non-substance related addictions,, pathologization, theory development.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/01/2020 10:30
Last modification date
16/01/2020 14:19
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