Effect of training on muscle strength and motor function in the elderly

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8BC11338C219
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Effect of training on muscle strength and motor function in the elderly
Journal
Reproduction, Nutrition, Development
Author(s)
Frischknecht  R.
ISSN
0926-5287 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
04/1998
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
38
Number
2
Pages
167-74
Notes
Journal Article Review --- Old month value: Mar-Apr
Abstract
Overall muscle strength and mass decline 30-50% between the ages of 30 and 80. The loss of muscle mass, the so called sarcopenia, accounts for most of the observed loss of strength. A reduced specific muscle force has also been observed but its contribution to the decrease in strength with age remains unclear. The loss of muscle tissue is due to a decrease in the number of muscle fibres and atrophy of the type II muscle fibres. The declining strength reduces the capacity to carry out basic activities of daily life and puts people at risk for falls and dependence. Resistive strength training greatly increases muscle strength even in very old people. It produces muscle fibre hypertrophy and improves neural factors involved in force production. The recovered strength in turn enhances the physical performance and allows a more active and independent life towards the end of the life span.
Keywords
Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Aging *Exercise Humans Middle Aged Muscle, Skeletal/*physiology Muscular Atrophy/prevention & control
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
25/01/2008 9:34
Last modification date
08/05/2019 21:43
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