Food, water, energy, and macronutrient intake of non-breastfed infants and young children (0-3 years).

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8BB586F2E88E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Food, water, energy, and macronutrient intake of non-breastfed infants and young children (0-3 years).
Journal
European journal of nutrition
Author(s)
Chouraqui J.P., Tavoularis G., Simeoni U., Ferry C., Turck D.
ISSN
1436-6215 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1436-6207
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
59
Number
1
Pages
67-80
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The French Nutri-Bébé 2013 study aimed to assess the nutritional intake of infants and young children in comparison with the recommendations of the 2013 European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
This cross-sectional study enrolled a random sample of families selected according to the Quota sampling method. A 3-day dietary record was conducted and supervised by two face-to-face interviews. All foods and beverages consumed were qualitatively and quantitatively reported in a diary, and their composition calculated using a food composition database.
A total of 1035 non-breastfed children were included. Formula was abandoned early, amounting to approximately 50% of the total food intake at 7 months in 50% of infants and 22% at 1 year. A similar trend was observed for specific complementary foods. After 1 year, 50% of children consumed cow's milk, which was semi-skimmed in 88% of cases. Drinking water intake was low. Protein intake reached 1.4 times the average requirements before 3 months, 2 times at 8-9 months, and > 4 times at 30-35 months. Fat intake was below the EFSA adequate intake (AI) in > 90% of children. Alpha-linolenic acid intake was equal to or greater than the AI in all infants < 3 months, 85% of children at 6 months, 34% at 12-17 months, and 8% >24 months. Regardless of age, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake was less than the AI.
Strong discrepancies are observed between the actual and recommended intake in young, non-breastfed children namely, a high-protein intake, and a low fat intake, especially DHA.
Keywords
Infant, Macronutrient intake, Nutrition survey, Water intake, Young child
Pubmed
Create date
08/02/2019 13:59
Last modification date
15/07/2020 6:26
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