Adherence to dietary recommendations is not associated with depression in two Swiss population-based samples.

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State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Serval ID
serval:BIB_8B309C9C53A5
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Adherence to dietary recommendations is not associated with depression in two Swiss population-based samples.
Journal
Psychiatry research
Author(s)
Richard A., Rohrmann S., Vandeleur C.L., Lasserre A.M., Strippoli M.F., Eichholzer M., Glaus J., Marques-Vidal P., Vollenweider P., Preisig M.
ISSN
1872-7123 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0165-1781
Publication state
Published
Issued date
06/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
252
Pages
310-318
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Little is known about adherence to dietary recommendations and depression. Furthermore, dietary habits may differ among depression subtypes, which has not been evaluated previously. Two population-based Swiss studies, including 3620 individuals from PsyCoLaus and 11,032 individuals from the Swiss Health Survey 2012 (SHS), were used to examine the associations between adherence to common dietary guidelines and odds of depressive disorders. In both studies, depression was assessed by validated instruments. Adherence to dietary recommendations were assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (PsyCoLaus) and by single item questions (SHS). Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association of adhering to dietary recommendations with depression. For the analyses of diet with depression subtypes maximum-likelihood multinomial (polytomous) logistic regression analyses were conducted. No association of adherence to dietary recommendations with current major depressive disorder (MDD) was observed in any of the two study populations except for adherence to fish consumption, which was positively associated with MDD in the SHS. For depression subtypes, statistically significantly positive associations of vegetable consumption and adherence to the 5-a-day recommendation with current unspecified and current melancholic MDD were found. In conclusion, we don't see consistent associations between adherence to dietary recommendations and MDD or subtypes of depression.

Keywords
Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology, Diet/methods, Diet/psychology, Eating/psychology, Feeding Behavior/psychology, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Switzerland, Depression, Depression subtypes, Diet, Dietary recommendations
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
27/03/2017 8:50
Last modification date
27/09/2019 8:55
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