A Logical Framework for Forensic DNA Interpretation.

Details

Ressource 1Download: genes-13-00957.pdf (546.81 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_8AC3C2E78568
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A Logical Framework for Forensic DNA Interpretation.
Journal
Genes
Author(s)
Hicks T., Buckleton J., Castella V., Evett I., Jackson G.
ISSN
2073-4425 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2073-4425
Publication state
Published
Issued date
27/05/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Number
6
Pages
957/1-26
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The forensic community has devoted much effort over the last decades to the development of a logical framework for forensic interpretation, which is essential for the safe administration of justice. We review the research and guidelines that have been published and provide examples of how to implement them in casework. After a discussion on uncertainty in the criminal trial and the roles that the DNA scientist may take, we present the principles of interpretation for evaluative reporting. We show how their application helps to avoid a common fallacy and present strategies that DNA scientists can apply so that they do not transpose the conditional. We then discuss the hierarchy of propositions and explain why it is considered a fundamental concept for the evaluation of biological results and the differences between assessing results given propositions that are at the source level or the activity level. We show the importance of pre-assessment, especially when the questions relate to the alleged activities, and when transfer and persistence need to be considered by the scientists to guide the court. We conclude with a discussion on statement writing and testimony. This provides guidance on how DNA scientists can report in a balanced, transparent, and logical way.
Keywords
Genetics (clinical), Genetics, DNA, LR, activity issues, evaluative, forensic, investigative, principles of interpretation, propositions, reporting, transfer
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/06/2022 7:37
Last modification date
28/06/2022 6:38
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