Contribution of PaTrin-2 in Radiotherapy with Temozolomide for the Treatment of Glioblastoma Expressing MGMT


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Contribution of PaTrin-2 in Radiotherapy with Temozolomide for the Treatment of Glioblastoma Expressing MGMT
Title of the conference
51st Annual Meeting of the American-Society-for-Radiation-Oncology
Perillo-Adamer F., Buchegger F., Rueegg C., Mirimanoff R.
Chicago, Illinois, November 01-05, 2009
Publication state
Issued date
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Meeting Abstract
Purpose/Objective(s): Current standard treatment of glioblastoma is radiotherapy (RT) concomitant with temozolomide (TMZ), an alkylating agent. O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) expression is a major mechanism of resistance to Proceedings of the alkylating agent chemotherapy, and MGMT gene promoter methylation (present in 30-45 % of tumors) has been shown to be predictive for tumor response to TMZ therapy. MGMT, an exhaustible repair protein can be depleted by specific inhibitors such as O6- benzylguanine or the non-toxic O6-(4-bromothenyl)guanine (PaTrin-2). Here we have studied the efficacy of the combination of TMZ, RT, and PaTrin-2 to improve the treatment outcome in glioblastoma expressing MGMT.
Materials/Methods: 3 glioblastoma lines were chosen: LN18 and T98G expressing MGMT and U251 lacking MGMT expression. A shRNA approach was used to selectively and permanently knockdown level of MGMT in LN18 line. Cells were treated with 10 mM PaTrin-2. After 2 h, various concentrations of TMZ were added, cells were incubated for 24 h, and clonogenic assays were performed. After the same PaTrin-2 pretreatment and 100 mM TMZ exposure, cells were plated 4 h before irradiation with increasing RT doses of up to 6 Gy. Clonogenic survival was assessed after 14 days.
Results: Western blot analysis confirmed that reduction of MGMT expression was achieved in LN18A1 expressing MGMT-targeting shRNA. The shRNA non-targeting control sequence did not influenceMGMTprotein level (LN18NT). PaTrin-2 showed no toxicity at 10 mMon the 5 cell lines. TMZ induced up to 70 and 97%of cell death on LN18A1 and U251, respectively, but was not toxic up to 50 mMfor T98G, LN18, and LN18NT. Up to 53%increased TMZ toxicity was observed on the 5 cell lines when treated with the 2 drugs. Irradiation of the 5 lines treated or not with PaTrin-2 showed no survival difference at any irradiation dose. When LN18A1 and U251 cells were irradiated post TMZ treatment, an up to 2.5 and 139.4 fold increase in toxicity, respectively, was observed compared to un-pretreated controls. By contrast, TMZ pretreatment did not increase irradiation toxicity on T98G, LN18, and LN18NT. When cells were incubated with PaTrin-2 and TMZ before the irradiation, up to 3.7, 3.9, 5.8, 6.6 and 348.5 fold increase in toxicity was observed compared to controls on LN18, LN18NT, LN18A1, T98G and U251, respectively.
Conclusions: We present here results of TMZ and PaTrin-2 combination ± RT on glioblastoma lines. U251 and LN18A1 cells were much more sensitive to TMZ than LN18, LN18NT, and T98G. PaTrin-2 enhanced the toxicity of TMZ on the MGMT expressing glioblastoma lines. RT further increased TMZ and PaTrin-2 efficacy. These results are encouraging for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma expressing MGMT who have the worst prognosis and respond poorly to RT combined with TMZ.
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20/01/2010 12:18
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20/08/2019 15:49
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