Failure of the surgical treatment in 115 infected hip arthroplasties-­analysis of a 12-­year prosthetic joint cohort study (1999-­2010)


Ressource 1Download: BIB_89A010D24ED8.P001.pdf (1298.16 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: After imprimatur
Serval ID
A Master's thesis.
Publication sub-type
Master (thesis) (master)
Failure of the surgical treatment in 115 infected hip arthroplasties-­analysis of a 12-­year prosthetic joint cohort study (1999-­2010)
Meriem S.
Borens O.
Institution details
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Publication state
Issued date
Number of pages
Background:¦Infection after total or partial hip arthroplasty (HA) leads to significant long-­term morbidity and high healthcare cost. We evaluated reasons for treatment failure of different surgical modalities in a 12-­year prosthetic hip joint infection cohort study.¦Method:¦All patients hospitalized at our institution with infected HA were included either retrospectively (1999-­‐2007) or prospectively¦(2008-­‐2010). HA infection was defined as growth of the same microorganism in ≥2 tissues or synovialfluid culture, visible purulence, sinus tract or acute inflammation on tissue histopathology. Outcome analysis was performed at outpatient visits, followed by contacting patients, their relatives and/or treating physicians afterwards.¦Results:¦During the study period, 117 patients with infected HA were identified. We excluded 2 patients due to missing data. The average age was 69 years (range, 33-­‐102 years); 42% were female. HA was mainly performed for osteoarthritis (n=84), followed by trauma (n=22), necrosis (n=4), dysplasia(n=2), rheumatoid arthritis (n=1), osteosarcoma (n=1) and tuberculosis (n=1). 28 infections occurred early(≤3 months), 25 delayed (3-­‐24 months) and 63 late (≥24 months after surgery). Infected HA were¦treated with (i) two-­‐stage exchange in 59 patients (51%, cure rate: 93%), (ii) one-­‐stage exchange in 5 (4.3%, cure rate: 100%), (iii) debridement with change of mobile parts in 18 (17%, cure rate: 83%), (iv) debridement without change of mobile¦parts in 17 (14%, cure rate : 53% ), (v) Girdlestone in 13 (11%, cure rate: 100%), and (vi) two-­‐stage exchange followed by¦removal in 3 (2.6%). Patients were followed for an average of 3.9 years (range, 0.1 to 9 years), 7 patients died unrelated to the infected HA. 15 patients (13%) needed additional operations, 1 for mechanical reasons(dislocation of spacer) and 14 for persistent infection: 11 treated with debridement and retention (8 without change; and 3 with change of mobile parts) and 3 with two-­‐stage exchange. The average number of surgery was 2.2 (range, 1 to 5). The infection was finally eradicated in all patients, but the functional outcome remained unsatisfactory in 20% (persistent pain or impaired mobility due to spacer or Girdlestone situation).¦Conclusions:¦Non-­‐respect of current treatment concept leads to treatment failure with subsequent operations. Precise analysis of each treatment failure can be used for improving the treatment algorithm leading to better results.
Create date
14/05/2012 15:42
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:48
Usage data