Indications and Outcomes of Helicopter Rescue Missions in Alpine Mountain Huts: A Retrospective Study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_880B0499A4C3
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Indications and Outcomes of Helicopter Rescue Missions in Alpine Mountain Huts: A Retrospective Study.
Journal
High altitude medicine & biology
Author(s)
Pasquier M., Marxer L., Duplain H., Frochaux V., Selz F., Métrailler P., Zen Ruffinen G., Hugli O.
Contributor(s)
Pasquier Mathieu, Marxer Louis, Duplain Hervé, Selz Florence, Métrailler Pierre, Zen Ruffinen Grégoire, Hugli Olivier
ISSN
1557-8682 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1527-0297
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
18
Number
4
Pages
355-362
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Pasquier, Mathieu, Louis Marxer, Hervé Duplain, Vincent Frochaux, Florence Selz, Pierre Métrailler, Grégoire Zen Ruffinen, and Olivier Hugli. Indications and outcomes of helicopter rescue missions in alpine mountain huts: A retrospective study. High Alt Med Biol 18:355-362, 2017.
This retrospective study describes the rescue indications and outcome of patients rescued by helicopter from mountain huts in the Swiss Alps. The hospital course and operational data were also studied.
Among 14,872 helicopter rescue missions undertaken during the 10-year study period, 309 (2.1%) were performed from mountain huts at a mean altitude of 2794 ± 459 m. The mean age of the patients was 43 ± 16 and 66% were male. Thirty-four percent of the patients had a National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics score ≥3. Most (89%) patients were transported to hospital and only 12 (3.9%) patients had to stay more than 48 hours. Hospital diagnoses were extremely varied. Trauma accounted for 50% and altitude diseases for 7% of the cases. A winching procedure was performed 18 times and 19 missions included a night flight.
Helicopter rescue missions in mountain huts are a small part of all rescue missions. Our study provides a better understanding of medical emergencies arising in mountain huts. The diagnoses encountered are extremely varied in their type and severity. Hut keepers should be prepared for these situations as they will often have to act as first responders in the case of medical problems.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Air Ambulances/statistics & numerical data, Altitude, Altitude Sickness/epidemiology, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Length of Stay, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Selection, Rescue Work/methods, Rescue Work/statistics & numerical data, Retrospective Studies, Switzerland/epidemiology, Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology, Young Adult, NACA, altitude, helicopter, mountain emergency medicine, mountain hut, wilderness medicine
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
08/11/2017 19:01
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:47
Usage data