The feasibility and the effects of cycloergometer interval-training on aerobic capacity and walking performance after stroke. Preliminary study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_87A56ABE4F1A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The feasibility and the effects of cycloergometer interval-training on aerobic capacity and walking performance after stroke. Preliminary study.
Journal
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Author(s)
Calmels P., Degache F., Courbon A., Roche F., Ramas J., Fayolle-Minon I., Devillard X.
ISSN
1877-0665 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1877-0657
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
54
Number
1
Pages
3-15
Language
english
Abstract
BACKGROUND: After stroke, the early and persistent decline in aerobic capacity leads to diminish walking capacities. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of aerobic cycloergometer interval-training on the walking performances in subacute and chronic stroke survivors.
METHOD: A prospective design was used. Fourteen patients whose stroke had occurred more than 3 months and less than 2 years performed an aerobic training session with a cycloergometer for 8 weeks. A maximal exercise test, a 6-min walking test, a 20-m test and an isokinetic muscle strength test were realized before and after training session.
RESULTS: There was a significant increase after aerobic training in maximal power (Pmax) (mean 23.2%, P<0.0001), in VO(2peak) (mean 14.8%, P=0.04), and in the knee extension and flexion muscle peak torque on the nonparetic side and extension on the paretic side in isokinetic mode (mean from 13 to 29%, P=from 0.019 to P=0.0007) and in the walking performances on the 6-min walk test (mean 15.8%, P=0.0002).
CONCLUSION: Patients with subacute and chronic stroke can improve aerobic capacity, muscle strength and walking performances after cycloergometer interval-training. Although these results must be interpreted with caution considering the small size of our sample, they suggest that aerobic training is a safe and potentially effective training after stroke and an alternative to walking treadmill training.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Analysis of Variance, Exercise, Exercise Test, Exercise Therapy/methods, Exercise Tolerance, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen Consumption, Prospective Studies, Stroke/rehabilitation, Walking, Young Adult
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/02/2012 13:12
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:46
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