The field of expertise modulates the time course of neural processes associated with inhibitory control in a sport decision-making task

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_873031E231B0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The field of expertise modulates the time course of neural processes associated with inhibitory control in a sport decision-making task
Journal
Scientific Reports
Author(s)
Simonet Marie, Ruggeri Paolo, Sallard Etienne, Barral Jérôme
ISSN
2045-2322
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Abstract
Inhibitory control (IC), the ability to suppress inappropriate actions, can be improved by regularly facing complex and dynamic situations requiring flexible behaviors, such as in the context of intensive sport practice. However, researchers have not clearly determined whether and how this improvement in IC transfers to ecological and nonecological computer-based tasks. We explored the spatiotemporal dynamics of changes in the brain activity of three groups of athletes performing sport-nonspecific and sport-specific Go/NoGo tasks with video footages of table tennis situations to address this question. We compared table tennis players (n = 20), basketball players (n = 20) and endurance athletes (n = 17) to identify how years of practicing a sport in an unpredictable versus predictable environment shape the IC brain networks and increase the transfer effects to untrained tasks. Overall, the table tennis group responded faster than the two other groups in both Go/NoGo tasks. The electrical neuroimaging analyses performed in the sport-specific Go/NoGo task revealed that this faster response time was supported by an early engagement of brain structures related to decision-making processes in a time window where inhibition processes typically occur. Our collective findings have relevant applied perspectives, as they highlight the importance of designing more ecological domain-related tasks to effectively capture the complex decision-making processes acquired in real-life situations. Finally, the limited effects from sport practice to laboratory-based tasks found in this study question the utility of cognitive training intervention, whose effects would remain specific to the practice environment.
Create date
11/05/2022 8:27
Last modification date
12/05/2022 6:34
Usage data