Growth hormone (GH) deprivation induced by passive immunization against rat GH-releasing factor does not disturb the course of sexual maturation and fertility in the female rat


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Growth hormone (GH) deprivation induced by passive immunization against rat GH-releasing factor does not disturb the course of sexual maturation and fertility in the female rat
Gruaz  N. M., Arsenijevic  Y., Wehrenberg  W. B., Sizonenko  P. C., Aubert  M. L.
0013-7227 (Print)
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Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. --- Old month value: Aug
The importance of normal GH secretion for the onset of sexual maturation is a subject of controversy. Also, the need to achieve a minimal body size or body fat content has been postulated to be of importance for determining the timing of the onset of puberty. To evaluate the importance of GH secretion on the onset of sexual maturation in the female rat, GH deprivation has been induced by treating prepubertal rats with antirat GRF serum to passively immunize these animals against GRF. Chronic administration of anti-GRF serum produced in all series an impressive reduction in growth rate (from 5 to 2 g/day), resulting in a body weight averaging 50-60% the normal value at 50 days of life. Despite this deficit in growth, sexual maturation, as established by vaginal opening and first estrous cycles, occurred at the normal age in three of four series of rats; in one series, however, sexual maturation was delayed by 4 days, but thereafter, all parameters indicated that the gonadotropic axis was normally activated. In one series, fertility was tested at 59 days of age in females with a body weight corresponding to 51% of the control weight; these females conceived and delivered a reduced number of pups (9.4 +/- 0.7 instead of 14.2 +/- 0.8 in control dams), but the pups were of normal size. In a second experimental approach, the effect of GH deprivation was evaluated in a model of late sexual maturation obtained by severe food restriction followed by a switch to ad libitum feeding. Severe food restriction initiated at approximately 28 days, when the body weight was 75 g, drastically reduced the growth rate and completely prevented sexual maturation. A switch to ad libitum feeding at 50 days provoked an important compensatory growth and the occurrence of sexual maturation 4 days later. Passive immunization against GRF during this recovery phase did reduce the growth rate, but did not delay sexual maturation. Plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) secretion was very low in food-restricted rats and in each situation with induced GH deprivation. During food restriction, plasma IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) and to a lesser extent IGFBP-1 were decreased, and IGFBP-2 was increased; after switching to ad libitum feeding, plasma levels of IGFBP-2 normalized, but levels of IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 remained low in the face of normalized plasma IGF-I levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Animals Carrier Proteins/blood Female Fertility/*physiology Food Deprivation Growth Hormone/*physiology/secretion Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone/*immunology/physiology *Immunization, Passive Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/secretion Male Organ Size Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Sexual Maturation/*physiology Uterus/growth & development Vagina/growth & development
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28/01/2008 12:31
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20/08/2019 14:46
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