To Confirm or to Conform? Performance Goals as a Regulator of ConflictWith More-Competent Others

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_86CF8401D49A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
To Confirm or to Conform? Performance Goals as a Regulator of ConflictWith More-Competent Others
Journal
Journal of Educational Psychology
Author(s)
Sommet Nicolas, Andrew J. Elliot
ISSN
1939-2176 (online)
0022-0663 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
107
Number
2
Pages
580–598
Language
english
Abstract
In the present research, we proposed a systematic approach to disentangling the shared and unique variance explained by achievement goals, reasons for goal pursuit, and specific goal-reason combinations (i.e., achievement goal complexes). Four studies using this approach (involving nearly 1,800 participants) led to 3 basic sets of findings.
First, when testing goals and reasons separately, mastery (-approach) goals and autonomous reasons explained variance in beneficial experiential (interest, satisfaction, positive emotion) and self-regulated learning (deep learning, help-seeking, challenging tasks, persistence) outcomes.
Second, when testing goals and reasons simultaneously, mastery goals and autonomous reasons explained independent variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of each being diminished.
Third, when testing goals, reasons, and goal complexes together, the autonomous mastery goal complex explained incremental variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of both mastery goals and autonomous reasons being diminished. Comparable results were observed for performance (-approach) goals, the autonomous performance goal complex, and performance goal-relevant outcomes. These findings suggest that achievement goals and reasons are both distinct and overlapping constructs, and that neither unilaterally eliminates the influence of the other. Integrating achievement goals and reasons offers the most promising avenue for a full account of competence motivation.
Keywords
achievement goal, autonomous and controlled reasons, self-determination theory, achievement goal complex
Open Access
Yes
Create date
16/05/2017 16:18
Last modification date
07/07/2021 6:35
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