Achievement Goals, Reasons for Goal Pursuit, and Achievement Goal Complexes as Predictors of Beneficial Outcomes : Is the Influence of Goals Reducible to Reasons?

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_86CF8401D49A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Achievement Goals, Reasons for Goal Pursuit, and Achievement Goal Complexes as Predictors of Beneficial Outcomes : Is the Influence of Goals Reducible to Reasons?
Journal
Journal of Educational Psychology
Author(s)
Sommet Nicolas, Andrew J. Elliot
ISSN
1939-2176 (Electronic)
0022-0663 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
xx-xx
Language
english
Abstract
In the present research, we proposed a systematic approach to disentangling the shared and unique variance
explained by achievement goals, reasons for goal pursuit, and specific goal-reason combinations (i.e.,
achievement goal complexes). Four studies using this approach (involving nearly 1,800 participants) led to 3
basic sets of findings. First, when testing goals and reasons separately, mastery (-approach) goals and
autonomous reasons explained variance in beneficial experiential (interest, satisfaction, positive emotion) and
self-regulated learning (deep learning, help-seeking, challenging tasks, persistence) outcomes. Second, when
testing goals and reasons simultaneously, mastery goals and autonomous reasons explained independent
variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of each being diminished. Third, when testing
goals, reasons, and goal complexes together, the autonomous mastery goal complex explained incremental
variance in most of the outcomes, with the predictive strength of both mastery goals and autonomous reasons
being diminished. Comparable results were observed for performance (-approach) goals, the autonomous
performance goal complex, and performance goal-relevant outcomes. These findings suggest that achievement
goals and reasons are both distinct and overlapping constructs, and that neither unilaterally eliminates the
influence of the other. Integrating achievement goals and reasons offers the most promising avenue for a full
account of competence motivation.
Keywords
achievement goal, autonomous and controlled reasons, self-determination theory, achievement goal complex
Open Access
Yes
Create date
16/05/2017 16:18
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:46
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