Pharmacogenetic Study on Risperidone Long-Acting Injection: Influence of Cytochrome P450 2D6 and Pregnane X Receptor on Risperidone Exposure and Drug-Induced Side-Effects.

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State: Serval
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_86C0833D4954
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Pharmacogenetic Study on Risperidone Long-Acting Injection: Influence of Cytochrome P450 2D6 and Pregnane X Receptor on Risperidone Exposure and Drug-Induced Side-Effects.
Journal
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Author(s)
Choong E., Polari A., Kamdem R.H., Gervasoni N., Spisla C., Sirot E.J., Bickel G.G., Bondolfi G., Conus P., Eap C.B.
ISSN
1533-712X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0271-0749
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
33
Number
3
Pages
289-298
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: JOURNAL ARTICLEPublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Risperidone is metabolized by polymorphic enzymes, and a large variability in plasma concentration and therapeutic response is observed. Risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) avoids the first-pass effect, and little is known about the influence of gene polymorphisms involved in its pharmacokinetics. The influence on plasma concentrations of risperidone (RIS), its metabolite 9-hydroxy-risperidone, and on adverse effects were investigated for polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) (*3, *4, *5, *6), CYP3A (CYP3A4*1B, CYP3A4 rs4646437, CYP3A5*3, CYP3A7*1C), ABCB1 (1236C>T, 2677G>T, 3435C>T), NR1/2 coding for pregnane X receptor (rs1523130, rs2472677, rs7643645), and for CYP3A activity measured by a phenotyping test. Forty-two patients with at least 4 consecutive unchanged doses of RLAI were included in a multicenter cross-sectional study. A 55% lower dose-adjusted plasma levels of RIS were observed for CYP2D6 ultrarapid metabolizers (n = 5) as compared with CYP2D6 intermediate metabolizers (P < 0.007). NR1/2 polymorphism (rs7643645A>G) influenced RIS exposure with a 2.8-fold lower active moiety (P = 0.031) in GG compared with the AA genotype. This was confirmed in a second independent cohort (n = 16). Furthermore, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was positively correlated with CYP3A activity (P = 0.01), and the NR1/2 (rs2472677) polymorphism was associated with different adverse effects including prolactin plasma levels adjusted for age and sex. In conclusion, our results confirmed the influence of CYP2D6 genotype on plasma levels of RIS. This is the first report on the influence of NR1/2 polymorphisms on RLAI exposure and on drug-induced adverse effects. These results should be validated in larger cohorts.
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
06/05/2013 10:08
Last modification date
03/03/2018 19:00
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