Transferring Development Rights: Lessons and Suggestions from Switzerland

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_847B6E737E44
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Transferring Development Rights: Lessons and Suggestions from Switzerland
Journal
disP - The Planning Review
Author(s)
Viallon François-Xavier, Bombenger Pierre-Henri, Leroy Denis, Nahrath Stéphane
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
57
Number
4
Pages
50-67
Language
english
Abstract
Abstract: Land-use policies aim to control ur- ban sprawl. Such control may involve differ- ent regulatory and market-based policy instru- ments, which compensate for and/or transfer development rights. In Switzerland, compen- sation for development rights has remained le- gally hazardous; discussions on the transfer of development rights have primarily considered Transferable Development Rights (TDR) as a means to transfer ill-placed development rights to more suitable areas. However, other instru- ments, such as Land Improvement Syndicates (LIS), may prove more appropriate in the Swiss context. Drawing upon a literature review and attempts to conceptualise a new instrument, the present paper discusses theoretical and in- stitutional characteristics of TDR and LIS. We review both instruments’ capacity to fight ur- ban sprawl and analyse their respective com- patibility with the Swiss institutional setting. In an attempt to put forward the strengths and overcome the weaknesses of both instruments, we conceptualise a new instrument: Multi-Site Land Improvement Syndicates (MSLIS). We dis- cuss potentials and limits of MSLIS under the Swiss institutional setting, in particular, when transferring rights across jurisdictions. We con- clude with lessons on re-locating development rights in a context of strong property rights, such as in Switzerland. In particular, we un- derline a) the different vehicles MSLIS offer for transferring rights, b) the specific decisional rules of the instrument, and c) its compatibility with legal obligations of compensation and the guarantee of property. These insights may be of interest to non-Swiss planning researchers and practitioners working on development rights re-location.
Keywords
Transferable development rights, Land improvement syndicates, Land use planning, Switzerland
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / Projects / 143057
Create date
29/04/2022 17:35
Last modification date
30/04/2022 6:35
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