Sarcomeric M-band alterations as a marker for human dilated cardiomyopathy

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_84711F2E4FF9
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Sarcomeric M-band alterations as a marker for human dilated cardiomyopathy
Title of the conference
ESC Congress
Author(s)
Schoenauer R., Emmert M. Y., Felley A., Ehler E., Pedrazzini T., Falk V., Hoerstrup S. P., Agarkova I.
Address
Stockholm, Sweden, August 28-September 01, 2010
ISBN
0195-668X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
31
Series
European Heart Journal
Pages
635
Language
english
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Abstract
Purpose: The M-band is an important cytoskeletal structure in the centre of the sarcomere, believed to cross-link the thick filament lattice. Its main components are three closely related modular proteins from the myomesin gene family: Myomesin, M-protein and myomesin-3. Each muscle is characterized by its unique M-band protein composition, depending on the contractile parameters of a particular fiber. To investigate the role of the M-band in one of the most relevant and clinically increasing cardiac diseases, we analyzed the expression of myomesin proteins in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).Methods: In a previous study we analyzed mouse models suffering from DCM, demonstrating that the embryonic heart specific EH-myomesin splicing isoform was up-regulated directly corresponding to the degree of cardiac dysfunction and ventricular dilation. Based on this study, human ventricular and atrial samples (n=32) were obtained during heart surgery after informed consent and approval by an institutional review board. Patients were aged 30-70 years and suffered from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM;n=13), Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM;n=10) or served as controls (n=9). Patients suffering from DCM or HCM were in endstage heart-failure (NYHA III-IV) and either underwent heart transplantation or Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) implantation. Heart samples from patients who underwent valve surgery or congenital heart surgery served as controls. Heart Samples were analyzed using RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunofluorescence.Results: By investigating the expression pattern of myomesins, we found that DCM is accompanied by specific M-band alterations, which were more pronounced in ventricular samples compared to the atrium. Changes in the amounts of different myomesins during DCM occurred in a cell-specific manner, leading to a higher heterogeneity of the cytoskeleton in cardiomyocytes through the myocardial wall with some cells switching completely to an embryonic phenotype.Conclusions: Here we present that the embryonic heart specific EH-myomesin isoform is up-regulated in human DCM. The alterations of the M-band protein composition might be part of a general adaptation of the sarcomeric cytoskeleton to unfavorable working conditions in the failing heart and may modify the mechanical properties of the cardiomyocytes. We suggest that the upregulation of EH-myomesin might play a pivotal role in DCM and might support classical imagingas a novel sarcomeric marker for this disease.
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Create date
13/04/2011 9:18
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:44
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