Dental disease among alcoholic individuals: a comparative study of hospitalized patients.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_8406097A5499
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Dental disease among alcoholic individuals: a comparative study of hospitalized patients.
Journal
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Author(s)
Niquille M., Burnand B., Magnenat P., Paccaud F., Yersin B.
ISSN
0884-8734 (Print)
ISSN-L
0884-8734
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/1993
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Number
9
Pages
470-475
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To measure the presence and severity of dental disease, as assessed by physicians, among consecutively hospitalized alcoholic and nonalcoholic medical patients. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Patients who had Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) scores > or = 8 were identified as being alcoholic. Nonalcoholic patients were defined as individuals with MAST scores < or = 4. These patients were matched with alcoholic patients for gender and age (+/- 5 years). The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMF) score and its components were used as a measure of dental disease. SETTING: General wards of internal medicine of a 1,000-bed urban teaching hospital in Lausanne, Switzerland. RESULTS: Among patients aged 20-75 years, the mean DMF score was higher among alcoholic patients than among nonalcoholic patients (26 vs 23, respectively; p < 0.001). This difference was greater among patients aged 20-39 years (20 vs 14, respectively) than among those aged 60-75 years (29 vs 27, respectively). The positive association between alcoholism and dental disease (crude odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.15-4.31) remained after sequential stratification for several confounding factors. CONCLUSION: The study suggests that dental disease is frequent and severe in hospitalized medical patients and that alcoholism is an independent predictor of its severity. Routine assessment of dental disease by the physician is important for medical inpatients, especially among those who are alcoholic.
Keywords
Adult, Aged, Alcoholism/complications, Cross-Sectional Studies, DMF Index, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Type="Geographic">Switzerland/epidemiology, Tooth Diseases/complications, Tooth Diseases/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
24/01/2008 17:31
Last modification date
03/03/2018 18:53
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