Unkept promises of cognitive styles: A new look at old measurements.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_83CC6D78E50E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Unkept promises of cognitive styles: A new look at old measurements.
Journal
PloS one
Author(s)
Cuneo F., Antonietti J.P., Mohr C.
ISSN
1932-6203
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Number
8
Pages
e0203115
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Cognitive style is thought to be a stable marker of one's way to approach mental operations. While of wide interest over the last decades, its operationalization remains a challenge. The literature indicates that cognitive styles assessed via i) questionnaires are predicted by personality and ii) performance tests (e.g., Group Embedded Figures Test; GEFT) are related to general intelligence. In the first study, we tested the psychometric relationship between the Cognitive Style Index questionnaire (CSI) and personality inventories (NEO Five Factor Inventory; NEO-FFI, HEXACO Personality Inventory Revised; HEXACO-PI-R). In the second study, we assessed the CSI, NEO-FFI, GEFT and a general intelligence test (Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Test; RSMT). We found that CSI scores were largely predicted by personality and that CSI was uncorrelated with GEFT performance. Instead, better performance on the GEFT was associated with better performance on the RSMT. We conclude that i) cognitive style questionnaires overlap with personality inventories, ii) cognitive style performance tests do not measure cognitive styles and should not be used as such and iii) the cognitive style concept needs to be assessed with alternative measurement types. We discuss possible future directions.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Cognition, Female, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Psychological, Personality, Personality Inventory, Psychometrics, Surveys and Questionnaires, Thinking, Young Adult
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
31/08/2018 11:23
Last modification date
29/06/2024 9:31
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