Aflibercept-Refractory Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration: Response to Switching to Ranibizumab

Details

Ressource 1 Sous embargo indéterminé.
State: Public
Version: After imprimatur
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_81D0192099AC
Type
A Master's thesis.
Publication sub-type
Master (thesis) (master)
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Aflibercept-Refractory Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration: Response to Switching to Ranibizumab
Author(s)
Marquis L.
Director(s)
Mantel I.
Institution details
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Publication state
Accepted
Issued date
2019
Language
english
Number of pages
20
Abstract
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of switching from aflibercept to
ranibizumab in patients with aflibercept refractory neovascular age-related macular
degeneration (nAMD) and to identify predictive factors for switch response.
Methods: Retrospective chart review including eyes with nAMD, refractory to monthly
intravitreal aflibercept during 6 months or more and that were switched to ranibizumab.
Outcome measures included changes in visual acuity (VA), intra- (IRF) and subretinal fluid
(SRF), pigment epithelial detachment (PED) and central retinal thickness (CRT), evaluated at
6 months before switch (T1), at the switching timepoint (T2), and 3 months post-switch (T3).
Results: The study included 32 eyes from 26 patients. There was an increase of CRT from
T1 to T2, which decreased after switch from T2 to T3. Evaluating the different
compartments, a significant slope (change per month before and after switching) change
was found for PED height (p=0.02), for the subretinal fluid (p=0.01) and for the neuroretinal
thickness as a measure for intraretinal fluid (p=0.03). No significant change was found for
VA. Predictive factors for better morphological switch response included a steeper slope
before switch (worsening between T1 to T2), thicker measurement of the parameter at T2,
male gender, shorter treatment before switch and fewer preceding injections. No
association with preceding switch was found.
Conclusion: Aflibercept-refractory nAMD benefits from switching to ranibizumab,
particularly in cases of preceding worsening. Drug tolerance to aflibercept is suspected
responsible. Thus, appropriate clinical decision might be facilitated by this knowledge,
supposedly with a visual benefit for the patients.
Keywords
aflibercept, ranibizumab, switch, refractory, neovascular age-related degeneration, anti-VEGF
Create date
07/09/2020 11:57
Last modification date
24/09/2020 6:26
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