Attitudes of editors of core clinical journals about whether systematic reviews are original research: a mixed-methods study.

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State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_80A6BA18D252
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Attitudes of editors of core clinical journals about whether systematic reviews are original research: a mixed-methods study.
Journal
BMJ open
Author(s)
Meerpohl J.J., Krnic Martinic M., von Elm E., Herrle F., Marusic A., Puljak L.
ISSN
2044-6055 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2044-6055
Publication state
Published
Issued date
30/08/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
9
Number
8
Pages
e029704
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
In 2009, not all journal editors considered systematic reviews (SRs) to be original research studies, and not all PubMed Core Clinical Journals published SRs. The aim of this study was to conduct a new analysis about editors' opinion regarding SRs as original research.
We conducted a survey and qualitative interview study of journal editors.
All editors listed as editor-in chief of 118 PubMed Core Clinical Journals.
We contacted editors via email and asked them whether they considered SRs original research, whether they published SRs in the journal and, if yes, in which section. We searched PubMed for any SRs (or meta-analyses) published in the included journals in 2017; if we did not find any, we hand-searched these journals. Editors were invited to participate in a follow-up qualitative interview study.
We received responses from 73 editors representing 72 (62%) journals. Fifty-two (80%) editors considered SRs original research, either for any type of SR (65%) or only for SRs with a meta-analysis (15%) and almost all (91%) of editors published SRs. Compared with the results of the 2009 study of Core Clinical Journals, a similar proportion of editors considered SRs to be original studies (71%), accepted SRs as original on certain condition such as presence of meta-analysis (14%) or published SRs (94%). Interviews with editors showed that they used various criteria to decide whether a SR is original research, including methodology, reproducibility, originality of idea and level of novelty.
The majority of editors of core clinical journals consider that SRs are original research. Among editors, there was no uniform approach to defining what makes a SR, or any study, original. This indicates that the concepts of originality of SRs and research are evolving and that this would be a relevant topic for further discussion.
Keywords
editors, opinions, original research, systematic reviews
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/09/2019 22:04
Last modification date
18/01/2020 7:17
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