Increasing prevalence of obesity in the Seychelles and association with socioeconomic status

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7FA7F756B213
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Increasing prevalence of obesity in the Seychelles and association with socioeconomic status
Title of the conference
16th European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Geneva, Switzerland, 14-17 May 2008
Author(s)
Bovet Pascal, Chiolero Arnaud, Gabriel Anne, Marques-Vidal Pedro Manuel, Paccaud Fred
ISBN
0307-0565
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Series
International Journal of Obesity
Pages
S188
Language
english
Abstract
Objective: We assessed the 15-year trends in the distribution of body mass index (BMI) categories in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean, African Region) and the relationship with sex, age and socio-economic status (SES).
Methods: We conducted three population-based examination surveys in 1989 (n=1,081; participation rate: 86.4%), in 1994 (n=1,067; 87.0%), and in 2004 (n=1,255; 80.2%). Occupation was categorized as "laborer", "intermediate" or "professional". Results are adjusted to the population of 2002.
Results: Between 1989 and 2004, mean BMI increased markedly in all sex and age categories (overall: ∼0.15 kg/m2/calendar year). The prevalence of overweight and obesity combined ("excess weight", BMI ≥25 kg/m2) increased from 29% to 52% in men and from 50% to 67% in women. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) increased from 4% to 15% in men and from 23% to 34% in women. Mean BMI - respectively the prevalence of excess weight- was lower in laborers than professionals in men but higher in laborers that professionals in women and this pattern was similar in the three surveys. Odds ratios for excess weight in professionals vs. laborers were 2.10 (95% CI: 1.94-2.17) in men and 0.51 (0.48-0.53) in women, adjusting for calendar year and participants' age and smoking habits.
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight/obesity increased markedly during a 15- year period. Similar increase of BMI over time in all age and sex categories suggests common environment obesogenic factors. The association between SES and excess weight was in opposite directions in men and women. The study emphasizes the need for prevention measures in all sex, age and SES groups, and suggests that they should be tailored according to sex and SES categories.
Keywords
Obesity, Obesity/epidemiology, Overweight, Overweight/epidemiology, Prevalence, Socioeconomic Factors, Seychelles
Open Access
Yes
Create date
04/03/2009 12:50
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:40
Usage data