Repeated-Sprint Training in Hypoxia in International Rugby Union Players.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7F743196273D
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Repeated-Sprint Training in Hypoxia in International Rugby Union Players.
Journal
International journal of sports physiology and performance
Author(s)
Beard A., Ashby J., Chambers R., Brocherie F., Millet G.P.
ISSN
1555-0273 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1555-0265
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/07/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Number
6
Pages
850–854
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Purpose: To investigate the effects of repeated-sprint training in hypoxia vs in normoxia on world-level male rugby union players' repeated-sprint ability (RSA) during an international competition period. Methods: A total of 19 players belonging to an international rugby union senior male national team performed 4 sessions of cycling repeated sprints (consisting of 3 × eight 10-s sprints with 20 s passive recovery) either in normobaric hypoxia (RSH, 3000 m; n = 10) or in normoxia (RSN, 300 m; n = 9) over a 2-wk period. Before and after the training intervention, RSA was evaluated using a cycling repeated-sprint test (6 × 10-s maximal sprint and 20-s passive recovery) performed in normoxia. Results: Significant interaction effects (all P < .05, <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
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) between condition and time were found for RSA-related parameters. Compared with Pre, maximal power significantly improved at Post in RSH (12.84 [0.83] vs 13.63 [1.03] W·kg <sup>-1</sup> , P < .01, <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
<mml:mrow>
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) but not in RSN (13.17 [0.89] vs 13.00 [1.01] W·kg <sup>-1</sup> , P = .45, <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
<mml:mrow>
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<mml:mi>η</mml:mi>
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</mml:msubsup>
</mml:mrow>
<mml:mo>=</mml:mo>
<mml:mn>.01</mml:mn>
</mml:math>
). Mean power was also significantly enhanced from Pre to Post in RSH (11.15 [0.58] vs 11.86 [0.63] W·kg <sup>-1</sup> , P < .001, <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
<mml:mrow>
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<mml:mn>.26</mml:mn>
</mml:math>
), whereas it remained unchanged in RSN (11.54 [0.61] vs 11.75 [0.65] W·kg <sup>-1</sup> , P = .23, <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink">
<mml:mrow>
<mml:msubsup>
<mml:mi>η</mml:mi>
<mml:mi>p</mml:mi>
<mml:mn>2</mml:mn>
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</mml:mrow>
<mml:mo>=</mml:mo>
<mml:mn>.03</mml:mn>
</mml:math>
). Conclusion: As few as 4 dedicated specific RSH sessions were beneficial to enhance repeated power production in world-level rugby union players. Although the improvement from RSA to game behavior remains unclear, this finding appears to be of practical relevance as only a short preparation window is available prior to international rugby union games.
Keywords
Adult, Athletic Performance/physiology, Football, Humans, Hypoxia, Male, Physical Conditioning, Human, Running/physiology, Young Adult, altitude training, competition, lower limbs, repeated-sprint ability, team sports
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
14/12/2018 12:30
Last modification date
16/10/2019 5:12
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