The association between alcohol abstinence, drinking or binge drinking and drug use: is alcohol abstinence that safe?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_7E521DE871B0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The association between alcohol abstinence, drinking or binge drinking and drug use: is alcohol abstinence that safe?
Journal
Drugs and Alcohol Today
Author(s)
Dupuis Marc, Baggio Stéphanie, Accard Marion Emilie, Mohler-Kuo Meichun, Gmel Gerhard
ISSN
1745-9265
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/09/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
16
Number
3
Pages
212-221
Language
english
Abstract
Purpose
This study investigates the association between alcohol abstinence and illicit drug use during early adulthood, and compares abstinence to moderate drinking and binge drinking, regrouped in different frequencies.
Design/methodology/approach
A total of 5,968 young male adults who completed the questionnaires were selected for the analyses. Alcohol abstinent participants were compared to moderate drinkers (who did not experience binge drinking during the previous 12 months), and casual, monthly, weekly and daily binge drinkers in terms of prevalence of drug use during early adulthood.
Findings
Alcohol abstinence was associated with higher risks of drug use than moderate drinking (OR > 3) for most of drugs, especially last-stage drugs: crystal meth, solvents, spice and heroin (6.50 < OR < 13.50). Such findings encourage rethinking prevention among alcohol abstainers who were so far considered at low risk of drug use.
Research limitations/implications
The main limitations of the study are the fact that it is cross-sectional, gender-blind and focusing on Swiss native who are less vulnerable than migrants.
Practical implications
High-risk subjects should be identified among young people who do not drink in order to develop specific preventive interventions.
Originality/value
This study is one of the first that compare alcohol abstinence, moderate drinking and binge drinking. Separate results covering 15 different drugs are presented.
Create date
09/12/2014 12:39
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:34
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